communication

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communication

the exchange of information in an ORGANIZATION. For organizations to work effectively, it is vital that information be communicated to those who need it. For example, the pay department would not be able to function properly if it were not notified of employees' hours of work. In this sense organizations can be conceived of as systems for exchanging information. Withholding information, i.e. failure to communicate, can be an effective means of exerting power over others in the organization. If a manager is not fully aware of what is going on in the organization he or she may be unable to influence decisions or events.

Often the effective transmission of information is impeded. As a piece of information is passed from top to bottom of an organization it may be modified by the misinterpretation or bias of each individual involved, so that by the time the information reaches its final destination it has a very different content. Effective communication can also be time-consuming, and hence arduous to perform. However, the effort can be worthwhile since those employees who feel they are not fully informed about matters relevant to their job may become demotivated and dissatisfied. As a result performance suffers. There is also evidence that individuals are more likely to respect bosses who they feel keep them informed. In addition to these ‘behavioural’ aspects of communication the process or ‘technology’ of internal and external communication has changed dramatically in the last decade. For example, conventional telephone systems (based on fixed-wired handsets) have been increasingly augmented by the cordless (mobile) telephone and accessories such as VOICE MESSAGING. Moreover, many businesses have integrated their PC (personal computer) networks and telecommunications to take advantage of value-added network services such as ELECTRONIC MAIL, VIDEO CONFERENCING and ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE. These developments, while enhancing the immediacy and effectiveness of communications, have also facilitated flexibility and mobility, allowing staff to reduce their dependency on being physically present at an office in order to conduct business. See CONSULTATION, EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT, EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION, INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY, COMMUNITY CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL SOCIAL RIGHTS, DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION, INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION HIGHWAY, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the rare case where you, as the existing CPA, are engaged as the Kovel accountant, you should implement an ethical wall in your accounting firm so that professionals who were involved in preparing prior returns will not have access to Kovel privileged communications.
Although the law firm informed the prosecutor that Kovel, an employee, had worked under the attorneys' direct supervision in representing the client and therefore could not reveal privileged communications, the prosecutor's position was that the attorney-client privilege did not extend to a non-attorney.
14) The General also noted the considerable procedures in place aimed at handling and protecting privileged communications inadvertently gathered by the NSA.
13) First, the immediate threat of harm exception states that a psychotherapist can divulge otherwise privileged communication if the patient poses an immediate threat of harm to himself or to others.
If any party or the holder of the privileged records objects to the discovery of the privileged communication on the grounds that disclosure of the communication would subject the party to annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense and that the disclosure of the privileged communication is not likely to lead to the discovery of relevant evidence, the court shall conduct an in camera review of the privileged communication to determine whether the communication is discoverable.
The suit is based on a privileged communication, and it will promptly be thrown out by the court," the statement reads.
During that time she helped write and pass legislation which added nurses to person's who can place mental health holds as well as added nurses to persons who have privileged communication rights with their patients.
Voluntary Disclosure of Privileged Communication to, or in the Presence of, Third Parties IV.
Aedgency's services enable a privileged communication channel between online brands and online consumers.
Educating parents and students about privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication helps the professional school counselor avoid misunderstandings that impair the student-counselor relationship.
Similarly, the lawyer's or client's subsequent disclosure of a privileged communication to a third party can destroy the privilege not only with regard to the party to whom it is disclosed, but with regard to all other parties who may later demand production of it in another proceeding.
Including the above legend on a potentially privileged communication warns the recipient to take extra precautions with the e-mail--such as not forwarding it to anyone without first checking with the attorney author.