debt(redirected from principal sum)
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A debt is an obligation to repay an amount you owe. Debt securities, such as bonds or commercial paper, are forms of debt that bind the issuer, such as a corporation, bank, or government, to repay the security holder. Debts are also known as liabilities.
debtan amount of money owed by one person, company, etc. to another. Debts result from borrowing money to purchase a product, service or financial asset (e.g. INSTALMENT CREDIT). Debt contracts provide for the eventual repayment of the sum borrowed and include INTEREST charges for the duration of the LOAN. See DEBTORS. BORROWER.
debtan amount of money owed by a person, firm or government (the borrower) to a lender. Debts arise when individuals, etc., spend more than their current income or when they deliberately plan to borrow money to purchase specific goods, services or ASSETS (houses, financial securities, etc.). Debt contracts provide for the eventual repayment of the sum borrowed and include INTEREST charges for the duration of the loan. An individual's debt can include MORTGAGES, INSTALMENT CREDIT, BANK LOANS and OVERDRAFTS; a firm's debt can include fixed-interest DEBENTURES, LOANS, BILLS OF EXCHANGE and bank loans and overdrafts; a government's ebt can take the form of long-term BONDS and short-term TREASURY BILLS (see NATIONAL DEBT). See PUBLIC SECTOR BORROWING REQUIREMENT.
See also INTERNATIONAL DEBT.
An obligation to pay another.