# present value

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Related to present value: Future value, Net present value, present value of annuity, present value tables, Time value of money

## Present value

## Present Value

Ct = C(1 + i)-t where C is money, t is a number of years, and i is the interest rate or rate of return.

Present value of money is important in calculating bond yields, the value of annuities, and many other transactions. It is also used in comparing the value of two amounts of money existing in different times. See also: Adjusted for inflation.

## present value (PV)

## Present value.

The present value of a future payment, or the time value of money, is what money is worth now in relation to what you think it'll be worth in the future based on expected earnings.

For example, if you have a 10% return, $1,000 is the present value of the $1,100 you expect to have a year from now.

The concept of present value is useful in calculating how much you need to invest now in order to meet a certain future goal, such as buying a home or paying college tuition.

Many financial websites and personal investment handbooks provide calculators and other tools to help you compute these amounts based on different rates of return.

Inflation has the opposite effect on the present value of money, accounting for loss of value rather than increase in value. For example, in an economy with 5% annual inflation, $100 is the present value of $95 next year.

Present value also refers to the current value of a securities portfolio. If you compare the present value to the acquisition cost of the portfolio, you can determine its profit or loss.

Further, you can add the present value of each projected interest payment of a fixed income security with one year or more duration to calculate the security's worth.

## present value

see DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW.## present value

see DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW.## present value

Today's value for income to be received in the future.Two factors affect the analysis:(1) the perceived risk that one might receive nothing at all in the future,or a smaller amount than expected,and (2) the potential income from alternative investments that could be purchased if one were paid the present value for a future income stream.(Discounting is the mathematical calculation used to arrive at present value.)