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A bond with a price higher than its face value. A premium bond occurs when a particular bond's coupon rates exceed the interest rates prevailing at the time. For example, if a bond was issued with a 5% coupon and most other bonds are paying 2%, this bond has more value on both the primary and secondary markets. As a result, it is more expensive and is sold at a premium.
A bond that sells at a price above its par value. An investor must be careful about purchasing a bond that is selling at a premium because of the possibility of a call by the bond's issuer for sinking fund requirements or for refunding. Except for convertible bonds, the size of a bond's premium usually can be expected to decline as the bond approaches maturity, at which time it will be paid off at par.