hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The power structure within a party is a vital element for politics,'' he said.
Q: So you would say, "Why give the power structure more weapons of suppression than it already has?
The book concludes with a fourfold typology of a community's power structure that is based on the relative degree to which the business and government sectors are centralized.
This does not mean of course that no ecologically beneficial changes can be made without changing the nature of the power structure.
But a second line of support formed easily because of Payne's connections to Atlanta's power structure, including Robert M.
The investigators report that key clues to this type of power structure, such as elaborate burials of elite individuals and extensive religious artworks, remain absent.
California needs an attorney general unafraid to shake up the Sacramento power structure, and there's little reason to think Delgadillo would rise to that role.
This would effectively create the triangular global power structure anticipated by Orwell's 1984, in which the world was organized into three regional superstates--Eurasia, Eastasia, and Oceania--which, in various configurations of alliances, fought a constant conflict with each other.
In her discussion of masculinity in Singleton's film Boyz N the Hood, Robyn Wiegman astutely notes that the black male is "stranded between the competing--at times overdetermining--logics of race and gender" (174): On the one hand, as a black within a racist social and political hierarchy, he has neither power nor privilege; yet, on the other hand, as a male within a still patriarchal power structure, he has both.
Cervellera notes that many of these are "precisely those professionals, entrepreneurs, that the party is trying to absorb into its own power structure.
Democratization should be promoted within Muslim and other countries and in the world power structure.
But in the newly sensitized corporate power structure, I find that executives are as OK with us as they can be, considering they can feel the good ol' white boy club slowly losing its grip.