hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jackson was basically changing the power structure of the city away from a solely business power structure," the observer continues.
Q: So you would say, "Why give the power structure more weapons of suppression than it already has?
Festivals were thus much more than events that reaffirmed the power structure even by temporarily inverting it, as anthropologists sometimes claim.
Indeed their position as black enforcers of white police domination has caused them to be misread as excessively violent towards "their own people" and in many ways more unapologetically complicit with the white power structure than I see them as being.
His moderate politics would enable him to do business with Sacramento's Democratic power structure and craft bipartisan solutions to the state's problems without stepping on anyone's toes.
The contending factions within this exchange disagree on the extent to which subversion is possible within the power structure.
Nowhere has this process been more abused than in the San Fernando Valley, which has been carved up in loony designs to benefit the entrenched power structure.
Further, Bodnar demonstrates that the history of public commemorations reflected America's changing power structure.
Catholic Church, he is the author of a trilogy of books examining church organization and politics on the local, national, and international levels: Archbishop: Inside the Power Structure of the American Catholic Church (Harper & Row, 1989), A Flock of Shepherds: The National Conference of Catholic Bishops (Sheed & Ward, 1992), and Inside the Vatican: The Politics and Organization of the Catholic Church (Harvard University Press, 1997).
No politician, no matter how well-intentioned, can overcome this entrenched power structure on his own.
It is difficult to believe that all of the authors in the wide range she surveys are so entirely committed to the ideological imperatives of the existing power structure.
The new network-aware vectorless capability in RedHawk-EV enabled us to quickly identify several potential power structure issues in a current high-performance tapeout, which may have been more difficult to find with static-only analysis.