# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
References in periodicals archive ?
To determine the population numbers of roe deer and other ungulates is very important because of the growing costs of protecting forests against damage exerted by deer populations, as well as harm caused by ungulates in farmlands.
Zeba an eminent Pakistani demographer has earlier aptly pointed out is that "at no point serious attention has been devoted in Pakistan to studying in Pakistan's large population numbers, their distribution and the implications they hold for the country's development as there had been no census for over 15 years.
Professor Stephen Harris of Bristol University said recently: "Fox population numbers haven't changed much at all over the last half century.
The company said that China region is important in its plans, as there is great potential in population numbers but also in the high percentage of the population that downloads music and the high piracy rate.
The Census Bureau won't drop the required population numbers on which those lines will be based until next week.
The non-profit International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which maintains an international "Red List" of threatened species, considers the Atlantic bluefin "Critically Endangered" given that its population numbers have declined by upwards of 80 percent since the 1970s.
The Eden Wildlife report studied official recorded sightings and population numbers for creatures introduced into the country over the last 150 years.
The decline in population numbers is real, but is reported not to be across all herds of Barren ground caribou.
Some 200 groups are described in their own individual entries that discuss, at a minimum, their locations, population numbers, languages and occasionally deal with such topics as religious practices, relationships with the state, and legal status, among other related matters.
Coupled with growing population numbers and diverse consumer habits, the opportunities are vast for emerging processing and packaging players that have the flexibility to adapt to their changing retail environments.
2 children per couple just to keep the population numbers stable.
There [are] a bunch of reasons [for why] the population numbers are down for the first time in decades, not the least of which is homeowners can't sell their properties up north to come down south.

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