matrix

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Fig. 58 Matrix. The matrix structure.

matrix

an ORGANIZATION structure in which individuals report to managers in more than one DEPARTMENT or function. The simple CHAIN OF COMMAND found in the classic BUREAUCRACY is replaced by (potentially) a multiplicity of reporting relationships. This type of structure may characterize part of the organization – for project team management for instance, where a project manager assumes authority over team members drawn from a number of departments – or it may extend to the entire organization. See Fig. 58.

There is no standard form of matrix. Managers may have equal formal authority over subordinates or alternatively one of these may have primary authority with the others, assuming authority on particular issues, as in the dotted-line relationship (see ORGANIZATION CHART). The benefits of matrix organization are said to be that it facilitates interdepartmental coordination during innovation, and, by weakening departmental boundaries, encourages greater flexibility and creativity. However, many organizations that have assumed this form have found that the absence of clarity in lines of authority and responsibility can lead to inertia and conflict. See FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE, CONCURRENT ENGINEERING.

References in periodicals archive ?
For decking and fence profiles, where a rough surface texture is acceptable or even desirable, screening the wood fiber to 40 to 60 mesh results in good flow characteristics and ease of mixing into the plastic matrix.
At the outlet of the second extruder, a diffusion-enhancing device containing a static mixer was placed to assist in dissolution of the gas generated from the CBA into the plastic matrix.
In addition to his high-starch research, Michigan Biotecholgy Institute's Narayan also is developing a chemical catalyst that is encapsulated within a biodegradable plastic matrix.
The laser wavelengths of 405, 633 and 785 allow the study of nanomaterials, retention in ceramics, metal oxides, nanocompounds, crystal structures, plastic compounds, fiber distribution in the plastic matrix, CNT, graphene distribution in the plastic matrix characterization of CNT Single Walled Multi-Walled.
Future R&D will focus on nanocrystalline lasing structures incorporated in a plastic matrix (paint-on nano-lasers) with further potential applications in solar collection, visual displays, and search-and-rescue equipment.
Overall, the bending strength (MOR) and stiffness (MOE) of ash-based composites compared favorably to those made with pine and maple flours, irrespective of the plastic matrix type.