personality inventory

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Related to personality inventory: MMPI

personality inventory

a profile of an individual's personality traits. Such profiles are usually constructed by asking subjects a series of questions about their behaviour in various situations and about their character. From these responses a profile or inventory of characteristics in key personality areas can be constructed. For example, a profile of an individual's degree of confidence, thought-fulness, consideration for others etc. can be built up. In theory, there are no right or wrong answers to the questions asked but this is not always the case in practice. Inventories of this sort have been popular of late in RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION, especially of managerial employees. This reflects an emphasis on the importance of leadership qualities and an implicit belief that they are in part innate and not acquired. However, inventories of this sort can be flawed in a number of ways, hence their use as predictors of future performance is questionable:
  1. subjects can often discern the answers desired by the selectors;
  2. the presence of certain personality characteristics implied by certain answers may be dubious; for instance, ‘lack of confidence’ cannot be straightforwardly derived from a response such as ‘I have not felt able to say anything at recent seminars’; it may have reflected an awareness that one's knowledge of the seminar topic was decidedly limited;
  3. the qualities seen as desirable by selectors (for example confidence) may not in fact be beneficial in actual work situations.

Despite these flaws the apparent insight the profile gives into the personality and characteristics of job applicants will ensure its continued popularity. See PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST.

References in periodicals archive ?
An empirical comparison of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory.
The purpose of Study 1 is to develop an Integrative Islamic Personality Inventory and to evaluate its factor structure and reliability.
The NEO-FFI personality inventory which is a 60 item questionnaire (12 items per domain), has been then directly taken from the NEO-PI-R, and provides a quick, reliable, and precise measure of the five major personality traits, using a five point Likert format.
Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI): Professional manual.
Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO Personality Inventory.
All the participants were administered demographic questionnaire, Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and Depression subscale of Symptom Checklist-R (SCL-R).
The Five Factor Personality Inventory which was developed by Jhon and Srivastava (12) and adapted to Turkish by Evinc (20) is a measurement tool which is composed of 44 items and measures five important personality traits including openness to experience, responsibility, extraversion, amenability and emotional imbalance.
In 2008, she and some colleagues performed such an analysis using the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, a questionnaire developed in the 1980s that requires subjects to choose between statements regarding their self-image.
Longson, her sister, and a male cousin recruited 159 adult survey subjects through posts shared on Facebook that redirected participants to three Web-based surveys: the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI); the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), and a questionnaire about demographics and reality TV viewing practices.
Longson, her sister, and a male cousin recruited 159 adults through Facebook posts that redirected them to Web-based surveys: the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI); the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), and a questionnaire on demographics and reality TV viewing habits.
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI; Hathaway & McKinley, 1943; 1951) and its revision, the MMPI-2 (Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), have been the most extensively utilized and researched objective personality and psychopathology inventories (Austin, 1992).

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