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a court order issued to a person or company requiring them to desist from behaving in ways which are harmful to other people. See CONTRACT, TORT.


A court order requiring a party to do something,or to stop doing something,until further notice.If the party fails to perform according to the injunction, then the party will be required to appear in court, defend his or her actions, and show cause why he or she should not be held in contempt of court.If held in contempt,the party may be ordered to pay a fine,may be jailed until the contempt is cured,or could suffer both consequences.

Injunctions come in three varieties:

1. Temporary restraining order (TRO). Usually obtainable with little or no notice to the defendant, sometimes as quickly as within an hour or so if the complaining party can convince a judge that there is immediate risk of irreparable harm if the restraining order is not issued.

2. Preliminary injunction. Usually issued after a TRO, if the judge decides that an injunction should remain in effect until such time as there can be a full trial on the merits of the case. Failure to obtain a TRO does not mean a judge will not issue a preliminary injunc- tion; it simply means the judge did not agree with the plaintiff's evaluation of the neces- sity for urgent action.

3. Final injunction. The final order issued by a court after it has heard all the evidence and legal arguments for and against the injunction. The order is a final order, from which the parties may appeal.

References in periodicals archive ?
In that case, the defendants admitted infringement of Wenger's Student Chair trade dress and consented to a permanent injunction prohibiting the sale of the defendants' infringing chairs.
It appears we're going to have to enforce the preliminary injunction and get as early a court date as we can to get a permanent injunction," he said, adding that it could be about 90 days from Tuesday's hearing.
We are pleased with the judgment and the entry of the permanent injunction," says William Beer, President and CEO of Wenger Corporation.
The district court entered judgment for the advocacy group and entered a permanent injunction in response to the unwillingness of the state to modify its policy.
Paltalk seeks damages and a permanent injunction prohibiting Microsoft's continued infringement.
Paltalk seeks damages and a permanent injunction against Microsoft's alleged unauthorized use of Paltalk's patented technology.
The Court ruled that Horizon/Bright is entitled to a permanent injunction against Sprint Nextel because Horizon/Bright "will suffer irreparable harm if Sprint Nextel proceeds as it wishes in (the Horizon/Bright territory).
Oak Ridge also sought a Preliminary and Permanent Injunction against the defendants enjoining them from selling, transferring or otherwise encumbering any of the shares that these individuals had obtained from Oak Ridge pending the outcome of the case.
The court also granted a permanent injunction preventing Sumida, its officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, and those persons acting in active concert or participation with them who receive actual notice of the order by personal service or otherwise from manufacturing, using, selling, offering to sell or importing into the United States any inverter modules that infringe claims 1, 2, 9, 12, or 18 of U.
Catch Curve is seeking monetary damages for past infringement and a preliminary and permanent injunction to prohibit Esker from continuing to infringe upon the AudioFAX patents.
The Supreme Court's decision "throws out" a federal appeals court ruling stating that judges are required to issue permanent injunctions against a company found guilty of patent infringement.

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