of wildlife affect not only human health and agricultural production but also wildlife-based economies and wildlife conservation.
Water that contains pathogens
can come into contact with crops both during irrigation and in subsequent washing of harvested produce or its storage in ice.
MIAMI BEACH -- Unexplained vaginal bleeding and fetal exposure to oral pathogens
have been linked individually with spontaneous preterm birth, and new data suggest the presence of both is associated with greater risk than either alone.
The findings indicate that "dental plaque is a reservoir of (pneumonia-causing) respiratory pathogens
," and that "nursing homes and other institutions housing frail elderly should be involved actively in improving daily oral hygiene of their residents and enhancing access to dental care," El-Solh said.
With some exceptions, Dohar et al contend that a pathogen
is defined as an organism that is recovered with at least a 2+ growth index.
The strategy of using expression libraries as vaccines has worked with several types of bacterial pathogens
There's certainly some similarity between efforts to regulate foodborne pathogens
and genetically modified foods, respectively: Neither industry wants it.
It may be possible to trace the path that a food product has traveled, but it is difficult to identify where a pathogen
may have entered the product," adds Ken Olson, dairy and animal health specialist for the American Farm Bureau Federation.
The concept requires workers to treat all blood and various other bodily fluids as if infected with HIV, hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens
Concentrations and types of pathogens
in sludges depend on two principal factors: the incidence of infection with a community and the type of sludge treatment.
This may lead to a much more complex system, such as that occurring in gene-for-gene interactions involving the cereal stem rust Puccinia graminis, a serious pathogen
of wheat crops.
Modeling the growth, survival and death of microbial pathogens