Passive

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Related to passive immunity: innate immunity, artificial passive immunity

Passive

Income or loss from business activities in which a person does not materially participate, such as a limited partnership.

Passive

Income (or loss) from an investment in which an individual does not directly participate. The most common types of passive income are rents from property one owns and income from a limited partnership. Some analysts consider income from dividends and coupons to be passive income while others do not. Passive income is taxable, but it is often treated differently from active income.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vaccinating pregnant women is an important strategy for providing passive immunity to infants, who are at highest risk from pertussis.
Effects of passive immunity on growth and survival in the dairy heifer.
For the case of a disease, with the factors of passive immunity, and a latency period there is the MSEIR model.
By comparison, active immunity is longer-lasting and more effective than passive immunity due to the immunologic memory produced by the patient's own immune system.
Passive immunity occurs when the immune components develop in another animal and are transferred to an individual who was not previously immune; therefore, the recipient becomes immune without having been exposed to or having responded to that particular antigen.
Passive immunity to bovine rotavirus in newborn calves fed colostrum supplements from cows immunized with recombinant SA11 rotavirus core-like particle (CLP) or virus-like particle (VLP) vaccines.
In laying hens, immunoglobulin is transported to the yolk of eggs and provides passive immunity to the chicks.
Topics include requirements and recommended allowances for pregnant and lactating mares and foals, diets for donkeys in late pregnancy, milk yields, milk composition, restrictive grazing for obese ponies, fiber sources, machine milking, sick or orphaned foals, measuring weight, passive immunity transfer, pasture management in Europe and the US, the effects of nutrition on ovulation and puberty, and management strategies of the broodmare with Italian trotters as a case study.
The immunoglobulins found in bovine colostrum provide antimicrobial protection against microbial infections and confer a passive immunity to the newborn calf until its own immune system matures.
This form of passive immunity requires recurrent monthly injections of immune globulin throughout the RSV season and is targeted at groups identified as being at high risk for severe illness.
Immunoglobulin was next in reported activities with a strong showing in passive immunity and disease protection.
In Berlin, Koch's assistants Emil Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato had discovered the principle of passive immunity and antitoxins.

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