Owe

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Owe

To be required to repay money or another asset to an individual, company, or other organization. One owes a debt after one has borrowed money or another asset. In business and government, debt is often owed in the form of bonds, which are securities entitling the bearer to repayment at the appropriate time(s). Occasionally, especially for personal loans, debt is owed without interest or other compensation; one simply owes what was lent. This is exceedingly rare in business and a debtor almost always owes a creditor a certain amount of interest, representing the time value of money.
References in classic literature ?
Looking still more remotely to the future, we may predict that, owing to the continued and steady increase of the larger groups, a multitude of smaller groups will become utterly extinct, and leave no modified descendants; and consequently that of the species living at any one period, extremely few will transmit descendants to a remote futurity.
Summary of Chapter -- If during the long course of ages and under varying conditions of life, organic beings vary at all in the several parts of their organisation, and I think this cannot be disputed; if there be, owing to the high geometrical powers of increase of each species, at some age, season, or year, a severe struggle for life, and this certainly cannot be disputed; then, considering the infinite complexity of the relations of all organic beings to each other and to their conditions of existence, causing an infinite diversity in structure, constitution, and habits, to be advantageous to them, I think it would be a most extraordinary fact if no variation ever had occurred useful to each being's own welfare, in the same way as so many variations have occurred useful to man.
We steered northward along shore, but owing to thick weather did not reach Valdivia till the night of the 8th.