To foster precision in spelling, children should be explicitly taught to integrate phonological, orthographic
and morphological strategies.
Critically, while systematic linguistic error analysis of encoded words has the potential to identify specific breakdowns in spelling (Silliman, Bahr & Peters, 2006), assessment systems should seek to encapsulate the phonological, orthographic
and morphological complexities associated with spelling (Bahr, 2015).
The authors suggest the ability to process visual symbols quickly also plays an important role in learning to read and write in an alphabetical orthographic
writing system due to participation of the occipital-temporal region, and that a disorder in this ability may constitute a second deficit in phoneme awareness [7,10,22,23].
2007) concluded that their data were consistent with "a conceptualization of orthographic
development as proceeding from a broadly tuned mechanism to a very precisely tuned mechanism" (pp.
Historically, research has focused on lexicalized orthographic
knowledge, and therefore it has often been considered as a relatively later developing knowledge system, emerging only after children receive direct instruction in written language, usually in the Kindergarten or early elementary years [12, 13].
to characterize some of their basic linguistic and orthographic
2005), which suggests that the orthographic
strategy was more strongly related to academic performance than the alphabetical strategy.
Vowel digraphs are less common, somewhat ambiguous, and require greater orthographic
sensitivity than a single vowel grapheme when spelling.
Inclusion of these diacritical marks completely specifies the phonological form of the orthographic
string, making it completely transparent in terms of orthography/phonology relations.
In Part 2 of this activity, the teacher will select a mechanical object that has been drafted as an orthographic
En un articulo reciente, Frost (2012) compara cinco sistemas ortograficos muy diferentes entre si, el chino mandarin, el kana japones, el hebreo, el ingles y el finlandes, y concluye que las lenguas tienen la ortografia que pueden, o la que se merecen (Every language gets the orthographic
system it deserves).
One of the PRS modules, the "forms of words", seems to specialize in the orthographic
processing of these stimuli.