organized anarchy

organized anarchy

a behavioural model of how ORGANIZATIONS function which emphasizes the limits of rational action (compare with the rational model of BUREAUCRACY). As developed by the American management writers Richard Cyert (1921-) and James March (1928-), this model suggests that organizations tend to formulate objectives in response to their activities rather than in advance, that organizational members do not fully comprehend the workings of the organization, and that their involvement in organizational activities is fluid and unpredictable. As a result, much of what organizations do can be said to be ad hoc and somewhat anarchic in character. However, the structure and procedures of the organization prevent unrestrained anarchy. See GARBAGE-CAN MODEL OF DECISION MAKING, DISJOINTED INCREMENTALISM, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.
Full browser ?