non-zero sum game


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non-zero sum game

a situation in GAME THEORY where game players, by choosing appropriate strategies, can collectively increase the total payoff available to all players. For example, by collaborating over their advertising and promotion, two firms may be able to expand the total market for a product so that both are able to increase their sales and profits.
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Chen urges that: "Hu and his successors should understand that pursuing zhuguan (sovereignty) in human rights and in territorial integrity and promoting renquan (human rights) need not be a non-zero sum game after all.
One passage in Future Shock helps explain futurism's political value: "As we move from poverty toward affluence, politics changes from what mathematicians call a zero-sum game to a non-zero sum game.
Non-zero sum games are a better kind of game than zero-sum games and we need to play them more often in human society.