Contraction

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Contraction

In a business cycle, the time between the peak and the bottom. That is, a contraction occurs between the end of economic growth and the end of the subsequent recession. Contractions are characterized by layoffs, a decline in GDP, and other negative factors. However, historically, contractions have tended not to last as long as expansions.
References in periodicals archive ?
2 and 3, magnolol inhibited colonic smooth muscle contraction in a concentration-dependent manner.
The purpose of our study was to determine the reliability and specificity of VEMP vis a vis 4 variables: primary waveform (P13 and N23), type of stimulus (500-Hz tone and click), sternocleidomastoid muscle contraction monitoring (with and without), and the timing of the testing session (initial test and retest).
If the base of the bladder was found to descend during a pelvic floor muscle contraction, the displacement was given a negative value.
This involves rapid termination of eccentric loading followed by a brief isometric phase and an explosive rebound relying on stored elastic energy and a powerful reflex muscle contraction.
2+]-dependent MLCK, it has been recently suggested that smooth muscle contraction is modulated by [Ca.
Class content included pelvic floor muscle contractions in lying, sitting, kneeling and standing positions (all with the legs apart), interspersed with body awareness, breathing and relaxation exercises, and strength training for abdominal, back and thigh muscles.
Women (14=32), randomly assigned to either the SVC or NMVC exercise protocol group, were tested pre- and post-training on endurance, muscle contraction strength, muscle activity recruitment, 10-hour weighed pad test for grams of urine loss, and subject-rated severity and frequency of leakage episodes.
Anesthesia for the surgery must be given in a manner that preserves the ability to elicit muscle contraction when stimulating the sensory roots/rootlets.
Doctors will have to determine whether the injury is a simple muscle contraction or more serious.
In either case, injury to the soft tissues, tendons or muscles can result from the repetitiveness or cumulative affect of continuous muscle contraction over time.
Other exercise tests may be done with an ECG or a nuclear scan (see below) to assess heart muscle contraction or blood flow in the heart.
On the forefront of molecular modelling technology, Lipotec launched Inyline, a novel anti-aging hexapeptide for cosmetic applications to treat wrinkles caused by muscle contraction.