area

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Area

The size of a two-dimensional space. One calculates the area by multiplying the area's length by its width.

area

A measurement of the square footage contained within certain boundaries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Note: PMA= Premotor area, SMA= supplementary motor area, SPA= superior parietal area, MD= medial deltoid, ECR= extensor carpi radialis, MEP = Motor evoked potential, TMS = Transcranial magnetic stimulation, FDI = First dorsal interosseus, yrs= years, hrs= hours, MRI= Magnetic Resonance Imaging, fMRI= Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, EEG = Electroencephalography, secs= seconds, mins=minutes Table 3.
GOLDBERG, G 1985: Supplementary motor area structure and function: Review and hypotheses.
Abbreviations: CNS = central nervous system, EMG = electromyography, FES = functional electrical stimulation, fMRI = functional magnetic resonance imaging, M1 = primary motor cortex, MEP = motor-evoked potential, MRCP = movementrelated cortical potentials, NIRS = near-infrared spectroscopy, PAS = paired associative stimulation, PBWS = partial bodyweight suspension, RR&D = Rehabilitation Research and Development, S1 = primary somatosensory cortex, SCI = spinal cord injury, SMA = supplementary motor area, SMC = sensory motor cortex, TA = tibialis anterior, T-AEX = treadmill aerobic exercise, TM = treadmill, TMS = transcranial magnetic stimulation, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
It appears that the net effect of the direct pathway is to facilitate motion by exciting the supplementary motor area, linking the striatum to the globus pallidus and substantia nigra pars reticulata.
Alternatively, treatment strategies may improve motor performance by increasing the readiness of the neurons within the basal ganglia to signal the supplementary motor area to begin preparation for movement.
The lesion in her brain that was causing the seizures was too close to her motor area.
Specifically, the results of complex experiments performed at Massachusetts General Hospital and then analyzed at Brown, show that the improved speed and accuracy volunteers showed on the task after a few hours sleep was significantly associated with changes in fast-sigma and delta brainwave oscillations in their supplementary motor area (SMA), a region on the top-middle of the brain.
The exterior of the LEAF utilizes a flat underbody (including a large front flat floor cover, motor area undercover, front undercover and rear diffuser with fins) to help manage airflow under the vehicle.
If the electrodes are located near the motor area in the frontal lobe, it will elicit a motor response, such as twitching of the hand on the opposite side of where the electrode made contact.
Parkinson's is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder caused by the death of dopamine neurons in a key motor area of the brain, the substantia nigra (SN).
Specifically, fMRI revealed significant activation in the contralateral supplementary motor area, somatosensory cortex, precuneus bilateral insula and ipsilateral somatomotor cortex during electrical pain stimulation without acupuncture.
if during an evaluation, a 12-month-old can only accomplish the norms of a 6-month-old in gross motor skills (such as sitting up unsupported), he is rated as being 50 percent behind in the gross motor area.