The foregoing was the basis for the construction of instruments that were validated through a multidisciplinary review, as is the case of the specialists in the fields of economics, management and engineering, and specialized interviews that provided information on factors and actions that are related to the competitiveness of the maquiladora
industry of the electronics sector, thus creating a methodology with the triple helix approach of Etzkowitz and Leydesforff (2000), but with an evolution toward a methodology adapted to contemporary reality called Fifth Systemic Helix (FSH).
All along the frontier, the maquiladora
became a sort of immigration barrier.
In their earlier article, Truett and Truett (1993) examined the factors affecting maquiladora
output in the pre-NAFTA era.
corporations have led the growth of the maquiladora
In recent years, the maquiladora
industry has suffered from the effects of a slumping U.
The Chinese-affiliated companies comprise a tiny fraction of the 2,817 maquiladora
plants operating in Mexico.
Looking at Table 1 again, a saving of two weeks in shipping time (three weeks from China versus one from Mexico) is not alone going to rescue many Maquiladora
Renaldo Gonzales, president of Mexico's national maquiladora
association, relates that as many as 50,000 Baja Californian jobs have been eliminated in the last several months.
plants established by multi-national corporations flourished in the 1980s and `90s.
In an interview in December with the daily El Tiempo, Asociacion Hondurena de Maquiladoras
president Jesus Canahuati said 32 factories employing 22,000 workers had closed this year.
It is important to stress, however, that most of the growth in manufacturing was due to the export maquiladora
Annunciation House focuses on the link between the miserable wages maquiladora
workers get and consumerism in the United States.