Appliance City, like much other American manufacturing, was under pressure from firms in Asia and Europe well before the maquila
industry took flight.
Though her work with the Coalition for Justice in the Maquilas
, Hennessey became curious about the role that structures of feeling play in organized resistance by workers.
Although not all victims of feminicidios were maquila
workers or were engaged in sex work, the literature has identified the pervasiveness of cultural notions of morality that are linked to the discursive construction of "immoral" women as worthless and disposable.
In 2003, I visited the Colonia Chilpancingo shantytown in Tijuana where many maquila
The femicide, the exploitation in the maquilas
, the corruption is all linked," she says.
As documented by Carrillo and Hualde (1998), this third-generation maquila
performed design and engineering activities for major foreign firms like Delphi, Sony, and Samsung by utilizing low-cost engineers schooled in Mexico and then hired and trained further by the businesses themselves.
The government-mandated aguinaldo - the lump-sum savings deducted from maquila
workers' paychecks and then distributed during the holiday season - has also been affected.
economy to substantially slower real domestic economic activity can be expected to affect maquila
So this February, TIE has organized a trinational conference for auto-parts workers that will draw in maquila
workers as well.
In Nicaragua, in the first half of 2007, seven new maquila
openings created 1,993 new jobs, but in the same timeframe, other factories have shut down or moved out at a cost of 4,000 jobs.
For this reason, PWS&D supports the work of The Maquila
Solidarity Network (MSN), a Canadian network working with groups in Mexico, Central America, and Asia to improve conditions and wages for employees in factories and export processing zones.
Daniel Facusse, president of the Honduran Maquila
Association, said that "we are planning to develop areas of Choluteca, Francisco Morazan and Valle, to create conditions to attract considerable capital from that country.