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Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.

manipulate

To cause a security to sell at an artificial price. Although investment bankers are permitted to manipulate temporarily the stock they underwrite, most other forms of manipulation are illegal.
Case Study Manipulation of security prices is not limited to industry professionals out for a quick buck. In early 2001 the Securities and Exchange Commission settled securities fraud charges with former burrito vendor Yun Soo Oh Park IV, known to his Internet followers as "Tokyo Joe." As part of the settlement Park agreed to return nearly a quarter of a million dollars in trading profits. According to SEC charges, to which Park did not admit or deny wrongdoing, the 50-year-old Korean native engaged in stock manipulation by recommending on Internet message boards stocks he already owned. He then sold his own shares as the recommended stocks rose in price. As Park's legend grew several thousand people agreed to pay an annual fee to receive an advance notice of his postings. The SEC also charged that Park was paid by a firm to recommend its stock. Park's lawyers claimed their client's actions were protected by free speech and not subject to federal securities regulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
once again declined to cite any Asian countries as manipulating their currencies to gain unfair trade advantages with the U.
The strength of OT is that they are well suited for manipulating biological objects and refractive and metallic particles, yet it is usually used in solution.
Students can play roles by manipulating avatars and communicating through text-based messages.
35) Actively manipulating the outside of a bag with the entire hand to feel what is in the bag may or may not be considered a search.
Delgadillo said the company engaged in actions such as using rapid-fire trading, manipulating the volume of gas and reporting false information to drive up prices.
They can either stand with consumers who experience ever-increasing drug prices as a result of manufacturers' policies, or they can stand with the largest drug manufacturers who have spent so much to protect their huge profits and to continue manipulating the prescription drug marketplace.
Now, with inspiration from lotus leaves, a second team has succeeded in manipulating water with a beam of ultraviolet light.
Attorney Brian Reed was seeking the hearing on behalf of a rejected cheerleader's mother, who accused the coach of manipulating the selection process against her daughter.
Attracted by photography and the potential it affords for manipulating the real, Javier Baldeon has recently favored this medium in his efforts to disrupt the systems that institutionalize the individual's submission to societal codes.
One man, Alfred Taahi, appears to lead and manipulate the group, drawing its members together or separating them, except for Vernon, who does her own manipulating.
Patent Covers Authentication and Quarantining of Endpoints by Manipulating Address Resolution Traffic
In one approach to manipulating plants' biochemical pathways, a team of scientists in the Netherlands inserted into petunias the C.