manipulate

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Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.

manipulate

To cause a security to sell at an artificial price. Although investment bankers are permitted to manipulate temporarily the stock they underwrite, most other forms of manipulation are illegal.
Case Study Manipulation of security prices is not limited to industry professionals out for a quick buck. In early 2001 the Securities and Exchange Commission settled securities fraud charges with former burrito vendor Yun Soo Oh Park IV, known to his Internet followers as "Tokyo Joe." As part of the settlement Park agreed to return nearly a quarter of a million dollars in trading profits. According to SEC charges, to which Park did not admit or deny wrongdoing, the 50-year-old Korean native engaged in stock manipulation by recommending on Internet message boards stocks he already owned. He then sold his own shares as the recommended stocks rose in price. As Park's legend grew several thousand people agreed to pay an annual fee to receive an advance notice of his postings. The SEC also charged that Park was paid by a firm to recommend its stock. Park's lawyers claimed their client's actions were protected by free speech and not subject to federal securities regulation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, below the optimal value, the manipulability of the robotic arm decreases to the point that the trajectory could not be followed without intermediate reconfigurations of the robotic arm.
However, we are also interested in the morphology and the manipulability of the single iPP nanofiber, which can be separated from a bundle of iPP nanofibers.
While their efforts never proceeded past the point of experimentation, sound recording's trait of manipulability would be further exploited in later years through the efforts of such composers as John Cage and Pierre Schaeffer.
At the same time, it also produced profound skepticism: commentators often wrote of its unreliability and manipulability (arguing, for instance, not only that photographs could be staged, but also that changing the focal length of the lens or altering the light could distort the image).
To improve the quality of family life, researchers should consider applying variables that have manipulability, such as "access to mother time.
What these rights-grounded discourses underscore is not only the centrality of rights discourse, but the political manipulability of human rights talk.
Therefore, our data layer must support not only advanced risk control, but also provide global access and manipulability to support timely research and disciplined pricing," said Rajesh Bhatia - Group Head of Market Risk at Standard Chartered.
In support of this view he refers to the claim of the philosopher Hans Jonas that all modern science "contains manipulability at its theoretical core" (p.
Mitchell writes that "by virtue of the [digital photograph's] inherent manipulability, it always presents a temptation to duplicity.
The variable included in our analysis (ability mix of the class, MEAN_RAVEN) was chosen so as to allow manipulability by policy-makers.
He transiates the manipulability and inflationary character of her image into a mechanical form containing apparently meaningless pictures.