poverty

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poverty

a situation where a person's income is too low to enable him or her to buy the amount of food, clothing and shelter that are deemed necessary to meet his or her basic needs, that is, some ‘subsistence’ standard of living. Countries have different definitions of what minimum income constitutes poverty and often measure poverty levels as a proportion of average income. High proportions of the populations of DEVELOPING COUNTRIES experience poverty. Governments attempt to combat poverty by encouraging faster ECONOMIC GROWTH and by the redistribution of income. See REDISTRIBUTION-OFINCOME PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE OF TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS.
References in periodicals archive ?
In what is one of the first "shared solar" systems for low-income residents in New York State, developers will bid competitively for contracts to install arrays on Con Ed properties in Brooklyn, Queens and Westchester.
This action will help protect low-income households from unscrupulous energy service providers and deliver much-need relief to New Yorkers across the state, Governor Cuomo said.
Currently, state housing agencies must conduct an initial on-site inspection of all buildings in a project by the end of the second calendar year following the year the last building in the project is placed in service, and for at least 20% of the project's low-income units (the 20% rale), they must inspect the units and review the low-income certifications, the documentation supporting the certifications, and the rent records for the tenants in those units.
Moving low-income students to private schools will not solve the problem, the study says.
More than 50 percent of low-income high achievers apply exclusively to non-selective two-year and four-year schools that typically have low graduation rates and low instructional resources.
At every level -- federal, state and district -- the decisions we make stack the deck against low-income kids and kids of color.
But what of proof that early applicants do not typically apply for financial aid or come from low-income backgrounds?
5 million are living in low-income families and are supported by earned income.
The best way to help low-income, high-cost drivers is to reduce the sources of loss costs: medical care, fraud, vehicle repair, auto theft and exploding jury awards.
Most low-income parents who did not work at all in 2004 were either disabled or taking care of their families--National Center for Children in Poverty
Keywords: poverty measurement, low-income, latent and sequential costs of poverty
In Illinois, a low-income household (earning $19,637--30 percent of the area median income of $65,457) can afford monthly rent of no more than $491, while Chicago's fair-market rent for a two-bedroom unit ranges above $800.

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