In this study, changes of the logarithms
in popularity in three different online media are regressed against different performance and control variables to answer the first research question.
of pseudo-singletons, that we introduced in [Lab90] as the analytical logarithm
of the species, E, of finite sets.
TA Total assets (Compustat #6); Log(TA) denotes the natural logarithm
We will mention now some of cryptosystem which are based on the discrete logarithm
problem as elgamal cryptosystem, and diffie-hellman key exchange, and we will use the multiplication [.
i2] = the logarithm
of value of dry fodder per milk animal;
t] (natural logarithm
of the value of steel shipments plus net imports at time t) represents demand that is endogenous in the model above since price is a function of both demand and supply.
Figure 2 was obtained by (i) first applying a lowess smooth function (9) to the observed case counts, (ii) applying least squares linear fit of the logarithm
of the smoothed case counts against time, and (iii) transforming the fitted line back to the original scale.
In Equation 2 the variable Y is a response or health effect (such as the logarithm
of mortality) that depends directly on Z as well as indirectly on Z, acting through X as a surrogate or proxy.
To test Piven and Cloward's thesis I estimated a time series regression model of the natural logarithm
of monthly earnings (measured in current dollars) on the natural logarithm
of monthly welfare benefits (measured in current dollars).
For each band, the sound pressure is represented by the sound pressure level which is proportional to the logarithm
average squared pressure.
Electromotive-force measurements of cells containing hydrochloric acid and Holmium chloride at constant total molality have been used to determine the variation of the logarithm
of the activity coefficient of hydrochloric acid with change in the amount of Holmium chloride in the solution.
The ordinary least squares procedures are employed to estimate a land valuation model where the logarithm
of the price per acre is the dependent variable.