chain

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chain

A unit of measurement formerly used in surveying and still seen in deeds with old property descriptions.One chain equals 66 feet.

References in periodicals archive ?
Because free light chains may be undetectable with standard electrophoresis, we decided to perform immunofixation electrophoresis of the serum and pleural fluid.
In remission period, there was no correlation between light chains and immunoglobulins (pearson correlation).
Rare conditions in which sheets of macrophages contain eosinophilic inclusions other than immunoglobulin light chain have also been called CSH, although in our view the term CSH may not be appropriate in these circumstances.
In addition, in the absence of a measurable serum or urine M-spike, the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) has recommended that serum free light chain (FLC) concentration be used to monitor disease if the monoclonal (involved) FLC (iFLC) concentration is [greater than or equal to] 100 mg/L in the presence of an abnormal FLC [kappa]/[lambda] ratio (rFLC).
The serum free light chain ratio also has some prognostic value in patients with symptomatic myeloma.
9) Almost universally, crystals of LCFS are composed of monoclonal [kappa] light chains, typically derived from the V[kappa]1 variability subgroup and are resistant to proteolysis by lysosomal enzymes of the proximal tubule, in particular cathepsin B.
Free light chains of immunoglobulins as disease activity markers in autoimmune diseases.
The antibodies form immune complexes with the free light chains in a test serum and the size/speed of complex formation is detected by a laser shone through the reaction vessel.
Light chain deposition disease (LCDD), a pathogenetic variant of AL amyloidosis, occurs when a monoclonal population of plasma cells generates granule-forming light chains (8).
Recently, Abraham et al (9) suggested that serum free light chain assays might replace 24-hour urine collections for BJP, stating that, in individual patients, serum free light chain concentrations "correlate linearly on a log-log scale with changes" in the latter.
HCDs are rare proliferative B-cell disorders characterized by the production of monoclonal proteins with incomplete heavychain components and without associated light chains (1).
The benign, polyclonal nature of any plasma cell granuloma must always be confirmed by immunohistochemical staining for kappa and lambda light chains or by some other technique.