Labor Intensive

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Labor Intensive

Describing an industry or sector in which it is difficult to produce a good or service without a large amount of labor. Labor intensive industries require either a large number of employees or a large number of hours worked by employees, or both, in order to be successful. Labor intensity may be quantified by taking a ratio of the cost of labor (i.e. wages and salaries) as a proportion of the total capital cost of producing the good or service. The higher the ratio, the higher the labor intensity. Labor intensive industries may control costs in bad economies by laying off workers. Examples of labor intensive industries include agriculture, mining, and hospitality.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results suggest that China's declining dominance in labor-intensive exports is benefiting some developing economies more than others, while a few appear to not be benefiting at all.
Fitch believed that labor-intensive manufacturers in China will try to mitigate wage increases by reducing their labor intensity or by moving their operations to places with lower wages.
Targeting "lo-hardy" students, regardless of their background, for enrollment in retention intervention programs might permit more efficient usage of these expensive, labor-intensive efforts that are best suited for those who truly need them.
But managing different levels of protection is a labor-intensive process, and tight policy control is required to certify that critical business data is never under-provisioned.
Converting a labor-intensive agriculture to a land- and capital-intensive agriculture, with far fewer workers but a much higher marginal product, is arithmetically impossible without a reduction in the supply of agricultural labor.
This was found to translate into significantly greater dependence on export of labor-intensive goods such as textiles.
As you might imagine, the personalized service that distinguishes this boutique from other retailers is quite labor-intensive and that precludes it from taking on large wholesale accounts.
Typically, scientists painstakingly deposit elements atom by atom on a thin film inside a multi-million-dollar vacuum chamber, then bake the film in a high-temperature kiln--an expensive, tedious, and labor-intensive process.
This distortion of the natural, and the artist's extraordinarily time-consuming labors, speak both to the process of cultivating cotton (one of the most labor-intensive cash crops) and to the way slaves were often worked to death.
But no matter how labor-intensive a university might be, one would expect that the recent computerization of tedious, formerly manual tasks such as registration and billing would have reduced the number of administrative employees.
The name change reflects the organization's increasing involvement with diverse industries as they seek to certify ethical working conditions in labor-intensive manufacturing facilities around the world.
A big product line-hunting decoys--has been relocated exclusively to a plant in Mexico because of labor-intensive operations like painting.

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