International Law

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Related to jus gentium: Jus naturale

International Law

The area of law dealing with relations between countries. International law consists of many aspects, both written and unwritten, but often refers to matters of war and peace, respect for human rights, international trade and commerce, and similar things. Institutions like the United Nations and the International Criminal Court purport to enforce international law, though their effectiveness is limited by the cooperation given by member states. In general, international law is governed by treaties between sovereign states.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Caridade representa o motivo pelo qual os preceitos de jus gentium, embora racionais e muito convenientes, nao procedem da natureza.
Se o jus gentium se encontra entre os direitos natural e interno, entao o seu fundamento deve tambem se inserir entre o divino e o terreno.
Por isso, apesar de sua vocacao universalista, o jus gentium se estende a quase todos os povos.
O jus gentium historico dos romanos utilizava a experiencia estrangeira em casos muito particulares; contudo, o jus gentium filosofico compreendia normas e instituicoes juridicas que se encontravam por todas as partes, como, entre outras, as relativas ao matrimonio, a defesa e a protecao da propriedade, as obrigacoes de reparar o dano.
Cumpre salientar que, entre as diversas materias reguladas por esse jus gentium filosofico, algumas possuiam carater internacional, como o direito de legacao e as regras sobre o botim e os despojos de guerra, mas a maior parte concentrava-se no direito privado, acrescido de alguns temas de direito publico interno, como o status dos deportados.
Nao ha, pois, problema algum em substituir a expressao jus gentium pela de direito natural.
The jus gentium was the mutual child of the jus naturale and the jus honorarium.
Jus gentium, an enlightened law, was a forerunner of what much later came to be known as the Law Merchant, later known as Substantive Law, which created rights and possessed the important characteristics of convenience and universality.
Later works on the law of nations, in particular those of Grotius, applied the principles of the jus gentium to intercourse among nations and foreign nationals.
Bentham does not mention natural law, the jus gentium, or the dictates of "right reason.
First, Aquinas, citing the Roman jurist Ulpian and canon law, explicitly argued that slavery is of positive law, the jus gentium, and contrary to nature.
Thus, for Aquinas, the condition of slavery is fundamentally a penal institution of the jus gentium which makes determinate the indeterminate natural law precept that the sinful should be punished.