hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was prayed in the petition that superior judiciary powers for taking suo motu notice be nullified and this case be heard on priority basis in view of the sensitivity of the matter.
The EU-funded program Support to Reinforce the Independence of the Judiciary is aimed at promoting equality and impartiality in the justice system.
During their meeting, Ba-Janaid and Christow also touched on the strategy for judiciary independence and capacity-building to facilitate access to justice.
His Majesty on may occasion and in various statements expressed his keenness on maintaining an independent judiciary as one of the main pillars that ensure the implementation of sustainable development and modernization plans in all walks of life and as the cornerstone of His Majesty's ambitious comprehensive reform, democratization and renaissance project aimed to place the Kingdom of Bahrain amongst the most advanced nations that respect and develop the judiciary and its members.
Addressing a Judiciary forum in Tehran on Saturday, Rouhani said "no influential figure or other branch of power should or can influence the rulings of the judges".
Erdoy-an has been the target of harsh criticism due to his efforts to reshuffle the judiciary as his government struggles to contain a recent corruption scandal.
The minister pointed out that activating the military judiciary law complements the legal structure for the systems in the Sultanate to ensure justice for all military and their equivalent.
The provisions regarding judicial power in the 2014 Egyptian constitution are the best embodiment of the collective vision of the judiciary itself, of its role in the country, of its relationship with other institutions, and of its relations with the Egyptian people.
TUNIS - Hundreds of Tunisians judges protested Wednesday in front of the National Constituent Assembly in Tunis to denounce some of the articles in the new draft constitution, arguing that they do not guarantee the independence of the judiciary system.
The role of judiciary is of prime importance in the system of administration of justice whereas the executive and the legislature have to render auxiliary contribution.
The President further told the judges that people's expectations from judiciary are very high.
TUNIS (TAP) - The Union of Tunisian Judges (SMT) called on Tuesday on acting President Moncef Marzouki to abstain from enacting the law regulating the provisional judiciary authority as it is currently designed in order to shield it from any form of allegiance.