They showed that most dental injuries occurred in the upper anterior region, particularly the left central incisor; these injuries were either due to the pressure on teeth and gums during oral intubation
or the position of laryngoscope in the oral cavity.
A greater understanding of neonatal pain and the knowledge that noxious stimuli such as intubation
may have long-term deleterious effects  have prompted consensus statements [14-16] advocating the use of premedication as standard of care.
In predicting a difficult intubation
, the same experienced anesthesiologist measured the MMT, TMD, SMD, IID, NE and the upper lip bite test (ULBT).
12) using the Neonatal Research Network registry data of 2002, when 71% of infants who were born at less than 28 weeks gestation required intubation
It made tracheal intubation
more difficult and did not protect the airway as reliably as the inflatable cuff.
1-3,6) Floorof-mouth swelling after SMI has not prevented extubation in our clinical practice and has not been reported in the literature as a reason for prolonged orotracheal intubation
, although doing so would be a safe and conservative consideration.
It seems a bit incongruous that physicians are willing to request permission for an autopsy--a far more invasive procedure--particularly when the cause of death is known, but are reluctant to request permission for intubation
Prior to attempting intubation
with an intubating LMA-Fastrach (8), a digital intubation
technique in combination with a bougie introducer (SunMed endotracheal tube introducer, SunMed, Largo, FL) was attempted (Figure).
This enhanced viewing makes the procedure much easier on the infant because the intubation
is accomplished in about six to 10 seconds, much faster than a typical intubation
without the fiber optic camera.
LTS as an iatrogenic sequelae of tracheal intubation
has assumed greater importance.
These workers were eligible for participation in this second investigation because they had entered the index patient's room from 24 hours before intubation
to 4 hours after intubation
The sleeves were incorporated onto a special peel-down pouch to give the user easy access and ensure that the sleeve remains clean prior to the intubation