international debt


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Foreign Debt

The debt one government owes to a foreign government or corporation. Foreign debt may occur when one buys the debts securities issued by another government. While foreign debt can be advantageous because it may allow a country to finance its development or other government functions, a government owing too much foreign debt (or too much debt generally) may find itself beholden to another country. It is also called external debt or international debt. See also: Debt crisis.

international debt

the outstanding LOANS owed by borrowing countries to the WORLD BANK, INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND, CENTRAL BANKS and private sector COMMERCIAL BANKS, and other lending institutions.
International debtclick for a larger image
Fig. 97 International debt. External Debt/GNP ratios. Source: World Development Report, World Bank, 2004.

international debt

the monies owed to the international community for providing loans in the form of ECONOMIC AID, mainly to DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, to finance their economic development programmes and loans to cover countries’ balance of payments deficits. Loans are provided both on a multilateral basis by international institutions such as the WORLD BANK and INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND and on a

bilateral, country-to-country basis. For the most part, international loans incur interest charges and have to be repaid in full over a specified redemption eriod.

International debt can play a useful role in facilitating economic development by providing funds to countries lacking domestic capital and helping countries with foreign exchange difficulties. From an individual country's perspective, modest levels of international debt are tolerable, but problems arise when a country becomes critically ‘debt-laden’. The failure of many developing countries to break out of the ‘poverty trap’ (arising from exploding population growth not matched by economic progress) has posed a big problem for the international community in recent years. For these countries, foreign exchange earnings are often insufficient to service annual interest charges, let alone pay off outstanding debt.

The World Bank has officially listed 41 countries as being ‘heavily indebted’. Fig. 97 shows the ratio of debt to current gross national product (GNP) for a number of these countries. In response to this situation, the World Bank has organized various debt ‘relief initiatives, encouraging its richer members to ‘write off debts wherever possible.

In 2003, outstanding loans to the developing countries amounted to more than $2,100 billion and annual interest charges on this debt amounted to some $300 billion.

References in periodicals archive ?
th ] edition of the International Debt Collections Handbook, explai ning the different stages of amicable s ettlement, legal proceedings and insolvency pr ocedures around collections in 40 countries.
The figure represents the outstanding amount of international debt securities issued by both public and private institutions in the country.
Summary: As part of its commitment to offer value-added services to the business community, Dubai Chamber ties up with Coface Emirates Services for providing international debt collection services
Efforts by such groups as the Jubilee movement and work by governmental and non-governmental organizations to diminish the burden of international debt to poor countries has not been sufficient to significantly reduce want and poverty.
They fear people could be duped into sending cash to conmen based in mainland Europe claiming to be from an international debt collecting company.
Threatening letters from an international debt collection agency are being circulated in Huddersfield.
El Salvador legislators approved US$200 million in loans from multilateral lenders and will not need to tap international debt markets with a bond issue for now, reports Reuters (Aug.
It is also clear that tightening of monetary policy during 1980-82 helped precipitate the international debt crisis, and the same in 1994 for the Mexican peso crisis.
THE CHURCH SAYS THAT INTERNATIONAL DEBT CAN'T BE written off as the distinct responsibility of a specific nation.
World Village is releasing the CD worldwide and partnering with international debt cancellation groups to spread the word.
Here it comes: a new campaign for an International Debt Court (IDC), an International Bankruptcy Tribunal (IBT), or some such creature.

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