Authors of three studies have examined the relationship between internalized
homophobia and substance use and abuse (Amadio & Chung, 2004; Jaffe, Clance, Nichols, & Ernshoff, 2000; Kus, 1988), and most reported that substance use and abuse in the LGB community can be attributed to the internalization of anti-gay bias, which "is found in every sector in our society: legal, medical, scientific, religious, political, social, educational, and judicial" (Cabaj, 2000, p.
Furthermore, mean levels of body mass index and waist circumference adjusted for age and birth weight were greater for girls with high levels of internalized
racism and hostility than for girls with low levels of these variables.
Such myths, when studied in parallel for their internalized
meaning, render a more complete message and serve as a lens to gain deeper insight into the Divine.
assaulting or striking others, making verbal threats, using profanity profusely), whereas internalized
anger is suppressed or directed inwardly (e.
The founding women of Brotha's and Sista's identified a lack of information and gaps in services around domestic violence, substance abuse, STDs, cervical cancer, and internalized
homophobia as some of the most pressing health challenges facing the community at that time.
Once a transaction cost has been internalized
, agency theory concludes that the firm that aligns the economic incentives and interests of the transacting parties will do better than a firm that does not.
There are good reasons why most associations have not internalized
and why many associations considering this strategy might want to stick with their current arrangements.
The rules had changed, but the totalitarian internalized
bureaucracies could not cope with change and reinvent their business.
What's more, LGB youth who showed more internalized
homophobia and abnormal cortisol activity also experienced increased symptoms of depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts.
I would never call Ronnie Gilbert a "self-hating Jew" or "an internalized
anti-Semite" for protesting Israeli policies ("A New Weavers' Song," February issue).
But they are difficult for gay men to discuss because many of us have vestiges of an internalized
homophobia, which turns into a kind of internalized
erotophobia, a fear of sex and pleasure, which is a part and parcel of the puritan streak in this country, where sex is used to sell everything except sex education.
is fascinating reading for Americans as well, since it gives a no-nonsense, plain-terms summary of America's modern culture, revealing subconsciously internalized
forces that drive us in spite of ourselves.