In four out of five cases, longterm insomnia
is caused by another underlying problem.
For the first time, researchers have identified the prevalence and incidence of acute insomnia
- sleep difficulties lasting three months or less - providing new insights into how it develops and at what stage effective treatment should be started to prevent it developing.
and daytime sleepiness are common problems in people with and without HIV.
The International Classification of Sleep Disorders lists close to 100 sleep disorders, and about 50% have insomnia
as a presenting complaint.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy has been the standard of care for insomnia
in the general population and is considered "likely to be effective" according to the ONS Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) guidelines.
Though over 33 million individuals across the world meet the diagnostic criteria for insomnia
, a sizeable proportion of patients do not seek medical advice and doctors aren't suitably prepared to identify and address the problem, suggests an independent market analyst of Datamonitor, a provider of premium global business information which assists more than 6,000 of the world's leading companies in making strategic and operational decisions.
The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, second edition (ICSD) (1) diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia
requires: (i) a predominant complaint of difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep, or non-restorative sleep, for at least 1 month; (ii) that the sleep disturbance (or associated daytime fatigue) causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning; (iii) that the sleep disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of another sleep disorder (e.
Meta-analysis of benzodiazepine use in the treatment of insomnia
Numerous clinical trials have found that nighttime administration of melatonin is an effective treatment for age-related insomnia
, delayed sleep phase syndrome, and pediatric sleep disorders, and for insomnia
in patients with major depression or chronic schizophrenia.
The result was a strain with many of the characteristics and complications of insomnia
in people, the team reports in the June 3 Journal of Neuroscience.
An exception is psychiatrists, who were found to be twice as likely as primary care physicians to prescribe medication for insomnia
To our knowledge, this is the first study looking at how insomnia
in healthcare professionals affects their job performance.