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Import Certificate

A proposed system to lower the U.S. trade deficit. Under the system, exporters would be issued import certificates allowing them to import up to the total value they export. Exporters may then sell these certificates to importers, who need them to conduct their business. The concept would maximize the value of imports, allowing it to be no greater than the value of exports. While this is not technically a tariff, it has much the same effect. Import certificates were proposed by Warren Buffett in 2003.

Information Coefficient

A measure of the correlation between expected and actual returns. The IC is used internally within a firm to judge the performance of individual financial forecasters. The IC is measured on a scale between 0 to 1, with 1 indicating no difference between expected and actual returns. An analyst with a consistently high IC on his/her predictions will likely receive promotions and bonuses, while one with low information coefficients will likely lose his/her job.

Interest Cost (IC)

A comprehensive and time-adjusted measure of loan cost to the borrower.

IC on a Mortgage: IC is what economists call an “internal rate or return.” It takes account of all payments made by the borrower over the life of the loan relative to the cash received up front. On a mortgage, the cash received up front is the loan amount less all upfront fees paid by the borrower. On an ARM, IC captures the effect of interest rate changes on the monthly payment and the balance, but future rate changes must be assumed.

Formula: IC is (i) in the formula below:

L - F = P1 + P2/(1 + i)2 +… (Pn + Bn)/(1 + i)n

L = Loan amount

F = Points and all other upfront fees paid by the borrower P = Monthly payment

n = Month when the balance is prepaid in full

Bn = Balance in month n

IC Versus APR: IC differs from APR in the following ways: IC is measured over any time horizon, whereas APR assumes that all loans run to term. IC may be measured after taxes whereas APR is always measured before taxes. On an ARM, IC can be calculated on any interest rate scenario whereas APR always uses a no-change scenario.

References in periodicals archive ?
Table 3: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the fractions against test organisms Concentration ([micro]g/ml) 120 110 100 90 80 Extracts Organisms [F.
Interpretation & conclusions: Our results suggest that a dose of 30 mg/kg/day achieves much higher concentration of pyrazinamide as compared to its minimum inhibitory concentration (20 [micro]g/ml).
The fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) was calculated using the MIC from the diagonal constant ratio combination assay and the MIC of each compound alone, obtained in parallel in the same assay according to the following formula:
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of all isolates was tested for cefpodoxime, cefotaxime and ceftazidime by agar dilution method using different drug concentrations (0.
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were specified by a microdilution broth assay, according to CLSI recommendations (CLSI 2009).
7) 16 3 (10) 32 6 (20) Total 30 MIC, minimum inhibitory concentration
The most accurate method is a nonautomated minimum inhibitory concentration method in which organisms are incubated for 24 hours before results are read.
5-5,000 IU/mL) were tested to determine the 50% inhibitory concentration (I[C.
The mean time that salivary concentrations of miconazole were above the minimal inhibitory concentration level needed to treat the infection was 7 hours for the tablet compared with 1.
The antimicrobial activity was estimated by determination of the minimal inhibitory concentration by the broth microdilution method.
The inhibitory concentration of schizont maturation and antimalarial activity of MB have not been fully elucidated.
Time dependence is defined by the time that the antibiotic concentration is above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) in the serum.