individualism

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Related to individualists: individualism, Collectivists

individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The recognition of power as a tool that might enhance an individualist's chances of achieving personal goals suggests that individualists with high relative bargaining power would be more willing than negotiators with low power to initiate a negotiation.
In no sense was the murderer an individualist who lived for himself and for his own life-promoting values; he was a second-hander who "lived" entirely for the reactions he could affect in others.
They result in four negotiating styles: Individualist, cooperative, competitive and altruistic.
A case can be made that British individualism was a combination of mainstream European ideas with this emerging atlanticism, especially as British individualists were regular contributors to Tucker's journal.
4) The LPDL managed to attract anti-socialists from across the political spectrum, including Old Liberals, High Tories and various radical individualists.
Because they are less bound by group membership and more concerned with individual autonomy and independence, individualists work with people from diverse groups (Glaser-Segura & Anghel, 2002) and may engage more readily in volunteer work that benefits strangers.
He suggests that individualists and collectivists can express different reasons to behave in a prejudiced and discriminative way, depending on the horizontal and vertical attributes of individualism and collectivism.
The fact that we are told that Alaska is our last frontier, made up of rugged individualists, rings somewhat hollow now.
Within this larger group of 341, two important subgroups were uncovered and labeled: the Communitarians and the Individualists.
Ripping the social gospel, liberation theology, and Ghandian tenets from King's and Cesar Chavez's Christianity, for example, the Individualists then embrace them as symbolic figures whose true significance is negated by Individualist pundits.
During the study, Haruno along with colleagues from University College London conducted MRI scans of the brains of 25 prosocial people and 14 individualists and rated their preference for a series of money distributions between themselves and a hypothetical other person.