individualism

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individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although both the clones behaved individualistically under the combined menace of salinity/sodicity.
Eric Gordon, MD, for letting me read his article on Lyme's disease that he will hopefully send to the Townsend Letter so other practitioners can really begin to understand what it means to truly individualistically to treat patients with complex chronic diseases.
Therefore, by increasing the presence of futures without material scarcity, we may increase our self-reflection on how our profit, power, and individualistically driven society may be driving us toward a material scarcity rather than a seemingly material abundant economy.
Whether answers by individuals on behalf of households will represent the preferences of all the individuals in the household in the same way as if they had each been questioned individually and individualistically depends on such factors as respondents' knowledge of other household members' utility functions, whether respondents are altruistic and how households make collective consumption choices.
i]f the serious writers of the Twenties had generally seen themselves as vanguard, advancing, individualistically, aesthetically, apolitically, under the banner of experimental arts, those of the Thirties often saw themselves as inert agents driven by "inevitable", "necessary" forces beyond their individuality, recurring collective homage .
Thus, while the Court's clarification of the differences between these three substantive norms of fundamental justice is welcome, its holding that they should be applied individualistically is more difficult to accept.
In an environment where people are required individualistically to monitor their drinking, research participants were acutely aware of the potential for failure in enacting these techniques.
Independent tenants tend to think individualistically … which leads to problems for all of us and might even push consumers away.
This is in contrast to individualistically driven career-climbing, in which people are inevitably pitted against one another.
This model of history in its most basic assumptions, even though the revolutionary, illuminative potential of the moment in which the time spheres implode, seems a rather individualistically utopian view in the face of Spiegelman's engagement in the negotiation of meaning in the contemporary media-saturated reality.
Less traditional individuals tend to think more individualistically, whereas more traditional individuals see an importance in collectivism.
But it is now often treated more individualistically, playfully and decoratively.