individualism

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Related to individualistic: self-revelation

individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The individualistic self is characterized as independent, autonomous, and agentic; the collective self, as interdependent, connected, and communal (Markus & Kitayama, 1991).
The main difference between individualistic and collectivistic cultural orientations is that collectivists tend to be other-focused and concerned with maintaining connectedness, whereas individualists tend to be self-focused and concerned with separating the self from others (Oyserman et al.
Given the central role of collectivism in Chinese society, we expect collectivistic Web site appeals to be schema consistent among Chinese Internet users and, therefore, require less cognitive processing than individualistic appeals, which are schema inconsistent.
However, in collective societies people are more concerned with the relationship with other people, so the achievement is not just about me, it could be me with other people's support, which is much less individualistic.
Contacts with people in individualistic herding cultures and proximity to rivers that served as trade routes may also have shaped China's regional thinking styles, Talhelm says.
Additional considerations are required when considering equality in individualistic cultures.
Add pleasant blues and individualistic style to your home, with Zansaar.
Various studies show that traditional value system indicates the males are of more individualistic and less collectivistic approach as compared to females.
Revisiting Robinson: the perils of individualistic and eco-logic fallacy.
Colours for "ad lib" men are vibrant and individualistic.
Measures: A game situation was constructed to manipulate three types of social settings, that is, individualistic, competitive, and cooperative.
Individualistic explanations find fault in the poor person and structural explanations find fault in society.