individualism

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individualism

the philosophy that individuals have their own unique set of wants and interests, and that they should be given free rein to pursue them. Those promoting this philosophy therefore advocate the removal of laws and regulations governing how people should behave. In the economic and business spheres, they argue, regulation stifles entrepreneurial creativity and inhibits responsiveness to market forces; if people can be freed from regulation they will become more highly motivated to succeed, whilst markets will be able to function more effectively, leading to benefits to society at large. They tend to be critical of TRADE UNIONS since they believe that unions elevate group over individual interests, and place restrictions on both their members' and managers' freedom to behave as they wish. Critics of this philosophy argue, however, that interests are in fact often shared (for example between groups of employees), that power resources are unequal and hence that collective action is therefore often necessary, and that unbridled pursuit of individual goals can damage the interests of others. See COLLECTIVISM, DEREGULATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
2014) found that southern Chinese exposed to the rice farming culture performed in a more collectivist and global perceptual style, whereas northern Chinese exposed to the wheat-farming culture tended to perform in a more individualist and analytic perceptual style.
In a study comparing individuals from regions typically viewed as more collectivist versus regions viewed as having an individualist orientation, for example, Taylor et al.
Among the debut dinnerware patterns under the new framework are Ethereal, decorated with sepia-toned roses designed to appeal to the romanticist; Vera Veneto Imperial, which mimics Italian marble to appeal to the traditionalist; Castillon with simple bands of gold and gray in an asymmetrical offset for the modernist; and Pointilliste, executed by a French watercolor artist in shades of blue for the individualist.
An individualist is a man who says: "I will not run anyone's life--nor let anyone run mine.
Collectivist culture auditors were also found to revise their estimates of budgeted audit hours (more) less than individualist culture auditors when faced with relatively (un)favourable additional audit evidence.
He was a peripatetic soul who ended up back in Massachusetts, where he died in 1874, mourned among his fellow individualist anarchists.
In no sense was the murderer an individualist who lived for himself and for his own life-promoting values; he was a second-hander who "lived" entirely for the reactions he could affect in others.
Manama: Individualist state policies are no longer an option as the latest developments demand coordination and cooperation within a larger group, Bahrain's prime minister has said.
Local artists also provide items for sale that reinforces the individualist nature of the business, providing a new owner with a niche in the market.
In the end analysis, this author suggests, Kukatha's ideal boils down into an individualist anarchist critique of the Weberian state.
They result in four negotiating styles: Individualist, cooperative, competitive and altruistic.
I haven't got round to reading the book yet - it is on my 'to do' list - but I am sure with his individualist take on all things football, there will be plenty to get stuck into.