hypothesis


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Related to hypothesis: Null hypothesis, Hypothesis testing, research hypothesis

hypothesis

a prediction derived from theoretical analysis that is couched in a form precise enough to be subjected to testing against empirical data. In economics, hypotheses are generated by a process of logical deduction from sets of initial assumptions about the behaviour of consumers, producers, etc., and are generally tested by collecting economic data and using statistical techniques to analyse them. This testing can lead to modification of the economic theory in the light of the new economic data or to abandonment of that theory in favour of an alternative theory that better explains the facts. See HYPOTHESIS TESTING.
References in classic literature ?
But he is willing to argue the question, as mathematicians say, under an hypothesis.
Characteristic also of the temper of the Socratic enquiry is, (4) the proposal to discuss the teachableness of virtue under an hypothesis, after the manner of the mathematicians; and (5) the repetition of the favourite doctrine which occurs so frequently in the earlier and more Socratic Dialogues, and gives a colour to all of them--that mankind only desire evil through ignorance; (6) the experiment of eliciting from the slave-boy the mathematical truth which is latent in him, and (7) the remark that he is all the better for knowing his ignorance.
Yet our invitation was either a complete hoax,--which was an inconceivable hypothesis,--or else we had good reason to think that important issues might hang upon our journey.
One single hypothesis of the observers of Long's Peak could ever be realized, that which foresaw the case of the travelers (if still alive) uniting their efforts with the lunar attraction to attain the surface of the disc.
But to extend the hypothesis so far as to suppose that species, aboriginally as distinct as carriers, tumblers, pouters, and fantails now are, should yield offspring perfectly fertile, inter se, seems to me rash in the extreme.
And of this kind I spoke as the intelligible, although in the search after it the soul is compelled to use hypotheses; not ascending to a first principle, because she is unable to rise above the region of hypothesis, but employing the objects of which the shadows below are resemblances in their turn as images, they having in relation to the shadows and reflections of them a greater distinctness, and therefore a higher value.
I throw out this hypothesis for what it is worth, but it explains many things,--and particularly the fact that neither the laboratory nor the vestibule bear any traces of the footmarks found in the room.
This, however, is only a hypothesis, not an established theory.
Figures 1, 2 and Table 1 illustrate the results of testing the main research hypothesis using structural equation modeling.
significant" result simply means that the null hypothesis has
Performance measures on functional hypotheses and treatment decisions were analyzed in terms of frequency of first-attempt correct functional hypothesis and treatment selection.
A hypothesis is an investigator's conjecture about the answer to one or more of the six cardinal questions.