hierarchy


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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Episcopal Committee was established by the Hierarchy in 1951 and was comprised of the Bishops of Cashel, Derry, and Galway, along with Rev.
Though much of the storage hierarchy has been in place for years, the welldefined hole in the hierarchy now stands out.
With Initiate(TM) Hierarchy, organizations receive the most accurate, efficient and comprehensive method for managing organizational hierarchies:
Last November the Forest Service adapted the Bailey hierarchy of ecological units for use as the scientific framework for ecosystem management of the national forests.
Furthermore, the Islamabad hierarchy must understand that even as constitutionally it may not be responsible for prices in market, the way things have been going on in this country from the very outset in the popular perception it is the central authority held responsible.
The exposure draft carries forward the GAAP hierarchy as set forth in SAS No.
The second might be called an empowering or participative hierarchy, with influence moving down from leaders to members and up from members to leaders.
In chapter 6 ("Clergy, Hierarchy and Laity"), Greeley suggests the hierarchy treats priests like low-level employees and the clergy treat the laity like clients for whom one need not have much respect.
When a user or application retrieves a file that has moved down the storage hierarchy, the management software retrieves that file from the new migrated target location.
Cantor's hierarchy of infinities was such a revolutionary concept that many of his contemporaries rejected it out of hand.
Frankenstein ultimately dies and the monster enters the boat and gives his confession to the captain, there is reinforcement of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs in his words.
National studies show that the majority of American Catholics blame the church hierarchy for the coverup of clerical transgressions and for refusing to face the realities of human sexuality.