hierarchy


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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not having a clearly defined and helpful hierarchy is as irresponsible as one devoted only to control.
Furthermore, this ruling hierarchy must know that it is only in regimented polities and despotic autocracies where the people at the top of the state apparatus can have their way as they like.
But the most obvious advantage of using blocks is seen with replicated hierarchy.
Interestingly, Fosshagen refrains from referring to Dumont, just like Valerio Valeri (posthumously) and Ingjerd Hoem in their contributions about the expression of hierarchy in pre-colonial marriage rules in Hawai'i, astutely labelled 'horizontal hierarchy', and the nature of hierarchy in the traditional exchange system of Tokelau.
Comparison of Selected Semantic Criteria Values Semantic criteria Values 0 1 2 A B A B A B Number of hierarchies - - 30 16 14 15 Number of main hierarchies - - 49 50 1 0 Number of support hierarchies 30 16 14 15 2 7 Depth of main hierarchy 2 5 5 13 21 16 Depth of support hierarchy 14 15 4 18 2 1 Semantic criteria Values 3 4 5 A B A B A B Number of hierarchies 1 7 5 7 0 5 Number of main hierarchies 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of support hierarchies 4 7 0 5 0 0 Depth of main hierarchy 16 10 6 6 0 0 Depth of support hierarchy 0 0 0 0 0 0 Tab.
SFAS 162 improved the GAAP hierarchy in three ways: (1) in its presentation, (2) in defining the driver for category (a), and (3) in making additions to the hierarchy.
2) Are perceptions of hierarchy related to perceptions about who has influence over decision making?
Consequently, I can claim that a higher level of hierarchical descriptive organization could be presented in relation to Subject selection for both passive and active constructions in the English language in the form of what I have come to call The Prioritising Hierarchy.
FASB anticipates issuing a final standard entitled Hierarchy of Accounting Principles by the end of 2005, moving the authority of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) fully to FASB from previously being a function of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants' (AICPA) auditing standards.
Thus, when those high-living juveniles reach their first birthdays, they plunge from near the top of the hierarchy all the way to the bottom, says Hirsch.
For the hierarchy based on the apostolic succession is the indispensable condition to arrive at the strength, the reality, of the sacrament.
A hierarchy of tiered-storage: This minimal requirement becomes more important and appealing as the size of the storage environment increases.