hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, racism is not only a matter of hierarchizing workers economically; it is equally a matter of hierarchizing people--workers or not -- according to putative racial abilities.
Barroll takes up three topics: the claims for a relationship between the Countess of Kent and the young Aemilia Bassano; the court connections of Alfonso Lanyer, whom Aemilia married in 1592; and the possible error that Lanyer committed in her hierarchizing of court ladies in the dedicatory poems.
But hierarchizing forces were at work contemporaneously; the overpopulation observed by David Herlihy intensified male-male competition, contributing to the rise of the patrilines noted by Herlihy, Christiane Klapisch-Zuber and Diane Owen Hughes.
It is well known that one manifestation of this hierarchizing of the academy is the secondary status accorded rhetoric and composition.
According to the antagonism between self and Other that is produced by a binarizing and hierarchizing logic so clearly in the Reflections, both extremes are constituted and elaborated in discourse.
40) Connolly's point may be extended: In fact, all states are riven by failures to guarantee personal security and democratic freedoms, by hierarchizing myths that systematically exclude certain categories of persons from full participation within the presumed national collective, and by the existence of profound competing loyalties among their constituents.