hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Assuming slow expansion within a hierarchized literary system, one might think that works of African-American, Native-American, and other non-traditional literatures can still become "canonized," though only within a hierarchical arrangement that, as Bloom would have it, necessarily keeps Shakespeare "first" (or "protocanonical"), Dante "second," Dickinson "twelfth," and so on.
35) It is true that the relationship between the Western self and Oriental other in Byron's writings is never simply a reductive affair of systematically hierarchized binaries.
In brief, as evidenced in Table 1, the three authors of the classic approaches talk about tasks and jobs to be performed in the organization in a specialized, standardized, hierarchized way, governed by rules and regulations.
Moreover, as workers, actors comprised a hugely hierarchized community.
Even as a supermarket uses a structured and hierarchized series of tactics to entice the consumer into purchasing products, the performers of Discounter were competing with one another for the attention of the consumer/spectators in the store.
Like scientific theory, it evolves through trial and error, experiments being ranked and hierarchized on their long-term validity.
The general model appears to resemble an infinite multiplication of the centrifugation principle between molecules that are themselves hierarchized between and within each other" (Durand 2004:186, our translation).
However, informatics tools are not capable of automatically generating a stemma codicum realizing a hierarchized representation of the family relations among the witnesses of tradition.
Chow's reformulation of the temporality of signification as complicit with the temporality of violent, exclusionary othering enables her conclusion that "referentiality may in the end require us to accept it more precisely as a limit--as the imperfect yet irreducible condition that is not pure difference but a hierarchized differential, one that is thoroughly immersed in and corrupted by the errors and delusions of history" (69).
Indeed, if the actions and the elements leading to the creation of a company are hierarchized, a double logic can be observed: (1) the logic of the company creator, who starts from an idea of production linked to a certain skill and to means of production, and who then has to confront this idea to market realities; and (2) the logic at the source of marketing (Butler, 1907) according to which the market must be analyzed first in order to find the most relevant production.
Elliot" exemplifies the ironic and hierarchized good sex/bad sex binary Gayle Rubin delineates in "Thinking Sex" According to Rubin, sexual values--like other value systems surrounding race, ethnicity, and religion--form hierarchical binaries that counterpose a privileged term residing within a charmed circle against a degraded other residing outside, thereby articulating an imaginary line of difference and implied divergence.