hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Geology and its recognition as a branch of the science of the soil gave scientific credibility to the classification of the wine landscape in parallel with their historical and commercial recognition and, thus, the hierarchization of wines.
In effect, reference librarians are in danger of allowing their field to be defined by external forces that have decided to make technology-based solutions the primary "species of capital" in an effort to "impose the principle of hierarchization most favorable to their own products.
However, the spatial pattern of inter-settlement hierarchization emerging from Module 1 suggests that perhaps some sites like El Trastejon were more functionally (economically) specialized than others, and that La Papua played a central political role.
1990) ("The exemplary role of cartography in the demonstration of colonial discursive practices can be identified in a series of key rhetorical strategies implemented in the production of the map, such as the reinscription, enclosure and hierarchization of space, which provide an analogue for the acquisition, management and reinforcement of colonial power.
Thus art resists identity's exclusion, interrupting "the hierarchization of categories of knowledge, the domination and oppression of identities assembled under the sign of nature"(p.
Allied to a temporal power, installed in an excessive hierarchization, paralyzed by internal legislation, religion is no longer merely revealed.
Her position at point zero is simultaneously one of lack and of subversion, because the "nature of [her] subalternity leads [her] to struggle against the process of hierarchization as a whole" (see Hammami and Rieker 101).
166-178), a valuable aid in that it includes almost all the novel's numerical discrepancies, seems ultimately unpersuasive both because of its (acknowledged) subjective hierarchization - "Where the testimony of one character contradicts another's, the episode is dated by the source which seems more reliable" (p.
Inden ably demonstrates the discontinuous nature of such representations and the shifts that occasioned a hierarchization of values in the scale of civilization, situating Hinduism at an earlier stage of world development.
What is at stake is whether Nietzsche's conceptualization of "being human" contributes to a potentially racist hierarchization of distinct human groups.
His point is that global designs are always local histories that construct differences based on the hierarchization of knowledge.
Pre-Constantinian Christians, however, worked under different constraints that resulted in "a hierarchization in which the communal was often preferred to the private" (60).