hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the participants, there was simply no other way to describe their exclusion from case planning and case management, other than viewing these issues and concerns from a racial lens; it was a continuation of the long history of racial hierarchization in a profession in which the racialized workers' knowledge and experiences were not properly or adequately valued.
It is precisely this hierarchization of the races and the erection of White supremacy as the organizing principle of the geopolitical order that Firmin deconstructs in The Equality of the Human Races, in M.
This article is a general presentation of a three steps method: comparison, combination and hierarchization of the operations of the law in the national, international and European contexts.
Since this option was not adopted by the Brazilian Constitution, no right can be considered as absolute in itself, but there are normative rules that allow certain axiological hierarchization, without the need for total exclusion of one or another right.
The introduction squarely argues that the processes of uneven inclusion and hierarchization that were so fundamental to the colonial reality of Pakistan are re-enacted everyday along the Karakoram Highway, thus making this central road a vehicle for analyzing current local and national realities in Gilgit-Baltistan (the northernmost region of Pakistan).
As often happens, a hierarchization of the senses comes along with their systematization, illustrated, for example, by the fact that insurance companies pay more in case of loss of sight than of hearing.
Yet no matter how far the human mind pursues the increasingly abstracting hierarchization of Vorstellungen, Kant's "function" (CPuR A 68/B 93), they could not exist at all "without the restrictions which nature has attached to them" (CPuR A 45/B 57).
Neither will VG Nett's "Football" section be discussed further, because it is rather an example of an altered hierarchization than an online innovation.
To this end, one technique of actor-network theory is to create a 'flattening effect': by ignoring the social, or 'common-sense,' definition of a man (say, Pliny), an actor-network description will look at all the components of Pliny the Author along a horizontal axis, without the hierarchization that might cause one to overlook the role played by, for example, the notarius's mit-tens.
we can argue that agents, who possess sum total of positive capital, are in the position "to impose the principle of hierarchization most favorable to their own products" (Bourdieu, 1992; p.
According to Foucault (1977) normalization is an instrument of power and plays a role in classification and hierarchization.