hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Selon le parcours "ideal" et hierarchise par l'Etat, les apprentis artistes de cirque doivent debuter leur formation dans une ou plusieurs ecoles preparatoires, avant de postuler pour l'ENACR, s'y former en deux ans pour obtenir son diplome, pour enfin integrer l'ENSAC pour une duree de trois ans.
La population de la rue forme une population heterogene dont l'eclatement apparent revele un systeme subjectif et hierarchise des individus.
Il est incontrolable et a un probleme avec l'autorite et les rapports hierarchises.
Cette approche << critique >> de la reflexivite remet en cause les rapports inevitablement hierarchises entre les chercheurs adultes et les participants de recherche d'age mineur (voir Best 2007).
Ils sont hierarchises en Ati locaux, regionaux et national (15).
Il s'agissait d'un echange d'informations different de celui qui existe entre un conseil municipal et les contribuables : moins formalises, moins hierarchises, les echanges peuvent y etre plus longs, plus diversifies.