hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pense-t-on pouvoir rapprocher les Tutsi des Hutu en instituant une hierarchisation des victimes et des criminels, certaines victimes etant reconnues davantage victimes que d'autres, tandis que certains criminels le seraient moins que d'autres ?
Malheureusement cette lecture localisee de l'innovation a longtemps ete exclue de la problematique du changement technologique en ASS, entrainant du meme coup, une hierarchisation et une polarisation des espaces, une centralisation des interventions en matiere d'innovacion technologique et tine forte concentration dans les grands centres urbains des infrastructures industrielles et scolaires ainsi que des reseaux de communication et de transport (OIT 1990).
Tout le marche aux puces da cliche -- le poele, le vieux livre de messe, le parfum du foin -- procede de la hierarchisation de deux espaces.
Strahm 1994), there is a case for social hierarchisation and craft speciallsation, as indicated by admittedIy few but exceptionally rich 'princely' graves which also contained tools for metalworking, such as ar Leubingen in central Germany.
L'argent devient le symbole par excellence de la virilite et le facteur determinant dans la hierarchisation des hommes.
La presentation de la candidate par la superieure Caron n'obeit pas a une hierarchisation des criteres de selection placant dans l'ordre: la religion, l'instruction et la sante.
Les debats portent sur les roles des grandes villes, des villes moyennes et des centres emergents, la hierarchisation des interventions prioritaires, l'articulation de la politique de la ville avec d'autres strategies sectorielles sur la ville et le role des services publics dans la politique de la ville.
It is thus suggested that these dynamics may have played a role in the hierarchisation of Iron Age communities who were, however, most likely of the same ethnic stock as those of the Bronze Age.
Parler des Haitiens issus de cette immigration ancienne en termes de << possibilite d'integration >> souligne l'occultation du processus d'enracinement de cette immigration, quelles que soient les faiblesses de celui-ci, et le passage a une logique de hierarchisation sociale a partir d'un critere culturel, voire d'origine.
Notons qu'en ce domaine deja, l'imaginaire collectif calque certains de ses motifs sur des traits historiques reels concernant les types d'emploi de la main-d'oeuvre servile : selon leur couleur, leur age, leurs capacites propres, les esclaves etaient en effet affectes a des postes differents, organisation socioraciale du travail de laquelle decoulait une hierarchisation statutaire interne a la population servile.
A social approach was long not recognised, and then only as a means of questioning the vertical hierarchisation of societies.
The study of the wealth concludes that there is no great polarisation, though there are a few signs of increasing hierarchisation during the Iron Age.