hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the complexity of the museum's role in maintaining social hierarchies was hardly suspected yet.
The new custom hierarchies, application building blocks and Design Wizard make SymphonyRPM's platform even easier to use, providing customers with the advanced analytics they need to make smarter decisions across the entire enterprise.
Total number of hierarchies--main hierarchy or hierarchies (directly describe chosen domain) plus support hierarchy or hierarchies, if any (help to better describe domain and should be connected to main hierarchies with attributes);
Such hierarchies can be found in the relationship between a master craftsman and his apprentice or between a gifted teacher and her students.
Pooler explains hierarchies in general before applying them to his chosen topics.
During the 20th Century, however, in business and professional organizations, there has been a trend towards "flattening" the multiple levels of hierarchies, as well as empowering selected workers and groups.
Essays include: Stephen Rigby, "Approaches to Pre-Industrial Social Structure"; Antony Black, "European and Middle Eastern Views of Hierarchy and Order in the Middle Ages: A Comparison"; Spencer Pearce, "Dante: Order, Justice, and the Society of Orders"; Peter Ainsworth, "Froissardian Perspectives on Late-Fourteenth-Century Society"; Paul Binski, "Hierarchies and Orders in English Royal Images of Power"; Maurice Keen, "Heraldry and Hierarchy: Esquires and Gentlemen"; Michael Bush, "The Risings of the Commons in England, 1381-1549"; David Rheubottom, "Tidy Structures and Messy Practice: Ideologies of Order and the Practicalities of Office-Holding in Ragusa"; Brian Pullan, "'Three Orders of Inhabitants': Social Hierarchies in the Republic of Venice.
The art world is going populist, rejecting hierarchies of all kinds - even the cult of expertise that upholds their own profession, which Solomon compares to "taste and rituals .
Truant argues that post-Revolutionary compagnonnage witnessed increased differentiation among the various sects, stricter enforcement of membership rules, greater emphasis on tradition - real or mythic, and more elaboration of internal hierarchies.
If it can be assumed that, as Dogan and Pahre (1990) and a growing body of other scholars have suggested, knowledge is expanding at the interstices of the disciplines, the library profession must anticipate some changes in their traditional hierarchies of classification.
In particular, Salter was fascinated by the minka farmsteads, in which buildings of a variety of scales, forms and materials - always related to their function were informally clustered around intimate but quite complex hierarchies of external spaces (AR June 1993).