hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The discussion begins where the argument for hierarchically variable deference seems weakest, namely with rationales that locate deference in congressional intent.
Examples are given to illustrate how to design an optimal hierarchically porous material for specific applications ranging from catalysis and separation to biomedicine, photonics, and energy conversion and storage.
Folding function Hierarchically configured levels can be expanded and minimized.
In particular, we considered chromium(III)-treated and control father mice as random factors in mixed, hierarchically nested designs.
Rooms are hierarchically arranged so that served spaces are at the front, services to the back.
Specific areas examined include event-based, location-dependent data services and mobile WSNs, a cascading redundancy approach for dependable real-time systems, overrun and skipping in hierarchically scheduled real-time systems, and managing imprecise worst case execution times on DVFS platforms.
The 19th century overflowed with incidents of, as Faragher put it in a recent Salon interview, "an organized campaign, at the state level, organized and hierarchically carried out, to remove all the people of a small nation and ship them elsewhere.
The program, which allows users to create macros to control their Windows applications and to assign tasks to desktop shortcuts or hotkeys, now also features graphical menu bars, hierarchically arranged macro groups for easier finding and executing of macros and over 150 script commands.
One company is taking data not just hierarchically but "vertically" too.
As Pope John Paul II reiterated in 1993, "Christ wants his Church to be sacramentally and hierarchically structured and no one has the right to change what the divine Founder has established.
The evolution of the colonial mansion from a two room hall-parlor house to a many-roomed great house provided space that was hierarchically organized with men having access to the more formal, expensive, and psychologically satisfying parts of the house for all-male activities.
The Berlin Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles Lettres sponsored by none other than Frederick the Great was exclusive, elitist, and hierarchically structured.

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