hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The hierarchical dynamic of Catholicism, replaced by the council fathers with the collegiality of the early church at Vatican II, has imploded.
Indeed, that the local town's African-American men eventually find it necessary to destroy the community of women and literally kill them highlights the threat that any reconceptualization of identity and agency as decentered and multivocal has for a status quo dependent on patriarchal, hierarchical structures and whose way of life depends on having "nothing at the edge" (9) that they "couldn't control" (279).
This paper demonstrated a hierarchical data model can be effective for representing the P-WE similarity relationships among a group of skilled occupations in a computer.
This addresses one of the most challenging issues of today's hierarchical designs because the size of the design can easily exceed the capacity of timer and physical implementation tools.
Reduce test development time by weeks with hierarchical access of IP and logic blocks
These observations led to the development of an initial, researcher-identified model of student thinking processes that described three, hierarchical, learning pathways used when problem-solving in the classroom.
Hierarchical organizational structures and employee roles must give way to more fluid forms.
The problem I have with this book is that McPhee's own answer to the question of political choice is itself rigidly hierarchical--hierarchical in time, hierarchical in space, hierarchical in social conception.
The combination of LogicVision's world class test solution and Magma's next generation automated floorplan synthesis and hierarchical design planning product deliver a predictable hierarchical design and test methodology for 65nm and 45nm SoC.
Automated Hierarchical Design Capabilities and Unlimited Capacity Enable Rapid Multimillion-Gate, Nanometer Designs
ISS, a pioneer in hierarchical IC design verification has positioned psiCrunch to follow its successful HLPE Hierarchical Capacitance Extractor and psiChips(TM) IC Interconnect Simulator as the third tool in the industry's first RC analysis tool suite to be formally announced.
By selecting ChipEDA's hierarchical design flow, we were able to achieve design closure while cutting implementation costs significantly," said Paul Koike, Sr.

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