hierarchy

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Hierarchy

In human relations, governance in which who is in power over whom is clearly defined. For example, a hierarchy may exist with a company owner and three employees in that the owner is in charge of the employees. Hierarchy is easy to understand; power structures are marked and followed. It may be contrasted with a heterarchy, but one may exist within the other.

hierarchy

  1. any pattern of social relationships where some individuals have AUTHORITY over others.
  2. the vertical structure of an ORGANIZATION. Generally there will be a number of management levels in the hierarchy with each having authority over the one beneath it. In a very small organization there might be only two levels in the hierarchy – the manager and the managed. In larger organizations the number will be greater, though it is rarely above eight. Organizations with a high number of levels are said to be tall whilst those with only two or three are said to be flat. There is an inverse relationship with the SPAN OF CONTROL. Where the latter is high, i.e. each manager supervises a large number of subordinates, there will be a tendency towards a flat structure. For the same number of total staff, a low span of control will be associated with a tall structure. See ORGANIZATION CHART, DE-LAYERING.

hierarchy

the ORGANIZATION of economic activities within the FIRM. The internal hierarchy of management levels within the firm can, under certain circumstances, take responsibility for economic transactions rather than conduct them at arm's length through external MARKET relationships. See INTERNALIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
People who have hierarchic and integrative styles use a good deal of information; and considering cognitive faculties, they are more complicated.
However, in this study, executive, monarchic and hierarchic thinking styles were not significantly associated with creativity.
Every effective difference denotes a demarcation, a line of classification, and all classification is hierarchic.
For this reason, the hierarchic relations between cartographic signs are rarely represented in the legends.
As John Fairbank notes, Confucianism envisions a hierarchic political and social order within the state, govemed by a virtuous sage-ruler.
The hierarchic framework has 3 levels under the general objective and initially this was larger including other sub-levels and further sub-criteria, then during meetings where the principles were illustrated, according to which we intended to construct the model, some of the sub-levels and sub-criteria were eliminated both due to problems of redundancy and to facilitate data management.
It may seem surprising to some to hear that the Buddha thought of people in a hierarchic fashion, but really all this really amounts to is a recognition of spiritual differences.
These features can be translated into a typology of hierarchic control instruments.
Hence, no more classic methods, no more models to apply, but rather different criteria and wider approaches, sensitive and participated observation of the phenomena, informational network's interexchange, could be helpful to constitute unusual real and non hierarchic virtual groups-experts, citizens and users who work together in a new, extended life environment.
Arboric thought is linear, hierarchic, sedentary, full of segmentation and striation, vertical and stiff.
Better informed organisers, those blessing the crops or 'controlling' the weather, or arranging military protection secured hierarchic advantages.
When it comes to the way of subordinating objects to homogeneous groups, the hierarchic approach was chosen.