Derivation from effective gross income multipliers
and net income ratios
The State appealed the trial court's award based on a gross income multiplier
, claiming that "the method of valuation dictated by the common law of eminent domain is the cost approach.
011) between gross income multipliers
and operating expense ratios.
The gross income multiplier
would typically be lower than the net income multiplier, but by how much is in question.
For example, an appraiser may analyze sales of income-producing properties to derive potential and effective gross income multipliers
, overall and equity capitalization rates, and even total property yield rates.
He employed an outdoor advertising subconsultant, developed a gross income multiplier
, and converted the advertising revenue to a value estimate for the business asset - the billboard.
Outdoor Advertising Signs advocates the use of the sales comparison approach, specifically the gross income multiplier
, to value the interests of outdoor advertising firms in eminent domain actions.
Similarly, while the use of a gross income multiplier
in valuing real estate is simple and direct, some question its reliability as an indicator of value.
as well as the gross income multiplier
Recall that in the cost approach, the method used to estimate external and functional obsolescence is the capitalization of net income loss resulting from a particular value influence or the application of a gross income multiplier
to rent differentials.
Rates and Ratios: Making Sense of GIMs, OARs and DCF will provide participants with a conceptual framework for thinking about key relationships between models, ranging from gross income multipliers
to discounted cash flow (DCF) models.
In general, capitalization rates declined, gross income multipliers
(GIMs) increased and the price per square foot increased across property types and in all markets.