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Exchange

Stock Exchange

A place, whether physical or electronic, where stocks, bonds, and/or derivatives in listed companies are bought and sold. A stock exchange may be a private company, a non-profit, or a publicly-traded company (some exchanges have shares that trade on their own floors). A stock exchange provides a regulated place where brokers and companies may meet in order to make investments on neutral ground. The concept traces its roots back to medieval France and the Low Countries, where agricultural goods were traded for cash or debt. Most countries have a main exchange and many also have smaller, regional exchanges. A stock exchange is also called a bourse or simply an exchange.

exchange


exchange

See swap.

Exchange.

Traditionally, an exchange has been a physical location for trading securities. Trading is handled, at least in part, by an open outcry or dual auction system.

Two examples in the United States are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), which has the largest trading floor in the world, and the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE).

However, the definition is evolving. Traditional exchanges handle an increasing number of trades electronically, off the floor. Nasdaq and other totally electronic securities markets, without trading floors, have exchange status.

As a result, the terms exchange and market are being used interchangeably to mean any environment in which listed products are traded.

The term exchange also refers to the act of moving assets from one fund to another in the same fund family or from one variable annuity subaccount to another offered through the same contract.

exchange

see MARKET, BARTER.

exchange

  1. 1the transfer of the right to own or use goods and services. Exchange is necessary in specialized economies (see SPECIALIZATION). In simpler specialized economies, exchange can take the form of BARTER. In more complex specialized economies exchange is undertaken through MARKETS, where the right to own or use goods and services is bought and sold. See TRANSACTION.
  2. the means of financing the purchase of goods and services in a market. See MONEY, FOREIGN EXCHANGE.

exchange

Parties may exchange like-kind properties and not pay any income taxes at the time of the exchange but, instead, defer them until the later sale of the exchanged property. See 1031 exchange.

Exchange

A transfer of property for other property or services. Some exchanges produce currently taxable income while others can be structured so as to defer any tax liability.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Global Food Exchange holds an online auction each morning for fresh seafood.
The E-commerce committee, made up of both buyers and sellers of seafood, will help educate the industry as well as provide input to Global Food Exchange on design, functionality and usability.
Hogue continued, "My vision for Global Food Exchange is to establish worldwide leadership as the collaborative marketplace linking suppliers to retailers and wholesalers.
Global Food Exchange provides web-based software for perishables management that increases buyer efficiency, reduces inventory and logistics costs, expands market access, and allows better category management and quicker response to changing consumer needs.
Global Food Exchange members pay up to 1% per transaction depending on their total volume on the site.
Under the terms of the agreement, Global Food Exchange will enable Whaling City to conduct auctions via the Internet using the Global Food Exchange online auction system.
UniPro's executive and technology committees, along with corporate management, sought out an e-commerce partnership with Global Food Exchange in an effort to provide its Members a competitive advantage for their perishable procurement.
Global Food Exchange is the largest and most active business-to-business Internet marketplace for the $800 billion global food industry.
Global Food Exchange and First International Bank will integrate these online financing options using ThruCredit(sm), the bank's technological solution for financing industrial transactions online.
Global Food Exchange, the leading web-based solution pioneering complete supply chain integration for the perishable food industry, and the National Fisheries Institute (NFI) today announced an exclusive partnership designed to link both organizations strategically and operationally.
The national Standard Food Exchange will help dieters stick to holiday and year-round weight loss goals.