He shows how racist Federal Housing Administration (FHA) policies on mortgages, exclusionary zoning
laws, state real estate regulations, geographic placement of government schools, urban renewal, and even federal and state highway policies all combined to relegate black Americans to segregated communities.
Reeves's most significant contribution in this book is his condemnation of such policies and practices, including exclusionary zoning
policies that drive up housing prices; advantages in college admissions for children of alumni ("legacy" preferences); favored tax treatment for 529 college savings plans; unpaid internships; and the mortgage-interest tax deduction.
Because African Americans were (and are) disproportionately low income, economically exclusionary zoning
accomplished much of the same end result.
The Supreme Court first upheld a city's exclusionary zoning
laws as a valid exercise of police power in Village of Euclid v.
practices seek to "zone out" particular services and businesses and the patients/clients they serve.
weaves a story of the rise of the exclusionary zoning
laws that have come to strangle housing development in major metropolitan areas.
Within weeks, a citizens group formed to incorporate Black Jack and block the housing project with an exclusionary zoning
Too many Americans are victims of more subtle forms of discrimination, such as predatory lending, exclusionary zoning
and development policies that limit affordable housing," the statement said.
Exacerbating these commuting hardships is the region's well-reported shortage of affordable housing, in large part a result of exclusionary zoning
patterns, such as minimum lot size requirements, and a shortage of smaller rental properties.
restrictive covenants, racial zoning, and exclusionary zoning
Because of the exclusionary zoning
, these communities have become unaffordable for the young suburban workforce.
phenomenon deserves a similar name--the New Exclusionary Zoning